Born in 1886, Harold Kainalu Long Castle was descended from successful Hawaii businessman, James Bicknell Castle, who was a partner of Castle & Cooke. Harold K.L. Castle purchased the title to 9,500 acres in the Kailua ahupua‘a in early 1917.
Microbes inhabit and sustain all habitats on Earth. In the oceans, microbes capture solar energy, catalyze biogeochemical transformations of important elements, produce and consume greenhouse gases, and provide the base of the food web.