Born in 1886, Harold Kainalu Long Castle was descended from successful Hawaii businessman, James Bicknell Castle, who was a partner of Castle & Cooke. Harold K.L. Castle purchased the title to 9,500 acres in the Kailua ahupua‘a in early 1917.
The National Sea Grant Office (NSGO) and the Ocean Acidification Program (OAP) are seeking applications that establish, continue, and/or expand collaborations between researchers and the shellfish aquaculture industry. Specifically, applications to this competition should utilize new or existing research/industry partnerships to study how ocean and coastal acidification in combination with other stressors impacts shellfish aquaculture. Projects should utilize multiple parameter physical, chemical, or biological observing systems and/or conduct multiple stressor experimental research.