Amid the ever-expanding guidance on how to plan and manage MPAs effectively, it is becoming more challenging for practitioners to gather all the existing global standards they need to consider in one place. To help address this, IUCN has drafted a document that integrates its existing Green List of Protected and Conserved Areas Standard with its other relevant MPA policies and positions (distilled from multiple IUCN Resolutions and recommendations over the years).
In 2009, the UNESCO World Heritage city of Hoi An on Vietnam’s central coast announced its intent to become a model eco-city for Vietnam by 2030. This meant the city would re-plan itself to operate in balance with nature. That same year (2009), UNESCO named Hoi An and the nearby Cham Islands Marine Protected Area (30 minutes by boat from Hoi An) as the combined Cu Lao Cham World Biosphere Reserve, with goals to improve the income of locals and to protect several depleted species, including the commercially valuable land crab Gecarcoidea lalandii.
These recent articles on MPA-related science and policy are all free to access.
Article: “Hydroacoustics as a tool to examine the effects of Marine Protected Areas and habitat type on marine fish communities”, Scientific Reports 8 (2018)
Canada designates seven new marine refuges to protect benthic species, habitats
"Oceanic nations like Seychelles are among the most vulnerable to climate change because their economies are often almost totally reliant on marine resources. Failing to plan how to sustain those resources as the climate changes could eventually be ecologically and economically disastrous.
By demarcating large areas to be both protected and properly managed, Seychelles is now better prepared for the unknown effects of warming and rising waters, ocean acidification, and increased and illegal fishing."
"Japanese fishermen have caught 3,341 metric tons of juvenille bluefin tuna as of Feb. 14, or 98% of its 2017/18 season quota. With the quota running to the end of June, fishermen still have more than four months of the season remaining."
Via Hakai Magazine
"Skeptics and scientists have raised a range of hypothetical ways in which wave and tidal power infrastructure could hurt animals. Maybe seals, seabirds, and fish will be sliced and diced by underwater turbines. Perhaps they will be disturbed by the sounds of underwater generators. Sharks and rays—sensitive to electromagnetic fields—might be thrown astray by subsea power cables"
Via Oceans Deeply
"On Tuesday, the seafaring bot named Europa arrived at the first seamount, an underwater mountain in the vast open ocean of the western Pacific, about halfway to its destination. But there have been no confirmed signs of whales so far."
Via NBC Bay Area
"After more than two decades tagging white sharks off the Bay Area coastline, this spring the team from Stanford University, along with the Monterey Bay Aquarium, will follow the creatures to the open ocean halfway between Hawaii and Baja — an area known as the White Shark Cafe — as part of an extensive effort to unravel even more details about the sharks' mysterious lives."