Seasonal copepod lipid pump promotes carbon sequestration in the deep North Atlantic

Last modified: 
August 30, 2016 - 4:15am
Type: Journal Article
Year of publication: 2015
Date published: 09/2015
Authors: Sigrún Jónasdóttir, André Visser, Katherine Richardson, Michael Heath
Journal title: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
ISSN: 0027-8424

Estimates of carbon flux to the deep oceans are essential for our understanding of global carbon budgets. Sinking of detrital material (“biological pump”) is usually thought to be the main biological component of this flux. Here, we identify an additional biological mechanism, the seasonal “lipid pump,” which is highly efficient at sequestering carbon into the deep ocean. It involves the vertical transport and metabolism of carbon rich lipids by overwintering zooplankton. We show that one species, the copepod Calanus finmarchicusoverwintering in the North Atlantic, sequesters an amount of carbon equivalent to the sinking flux of detrital material. The efficiency of the lipid pump derives from a near-complete decoupling between nutrient and carbon cycling—a “lipid shunt,” and its direct transport of carbon through the mesopelagic zone to below the permanent thermocline with very little attenuation. Inclusion of the lipid pump almost doubles the previous estimates of deep-ocean carbon sequestration by biological processes in the North Atlantic.

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