Underwater soundscape of marine protected areas in the south Brazilian coast

Last modified: 
August 29, 2016 - 9:15pm
Type: Journal Article
Year of publication: 2016
Date published: 04/2016
Authors: I. Sánchez-Gendriz, L.R. Padovese
Journal title: Marine Pollution Bulletin
Volume: 105
Issue: 1
Pages: 65 - 72
ISSN: 0025326X

The Laje de Santos Marine State Park (LSMSP) and Xixová-Japuí State Park (XJSP) are two protected areas (PA), close to the Santos Bay in the south Brazilian coast. The region encompasses both important biodiversity and anthropogenic activities. This study aims to serve as a first reference survey of the underwater soundscape of these PAs. Additionally it evaluates the presence of the anthropogenic and biological sound in these areas. One month of continuous recorded underwater sound, at selected locations in XJSP and LSMSP, is used in this study. The data were characterized by its spectral content and by the temporal evolution of Sound Pressure Levels (SPL). Both locations showed sound events with daily periodicities, mainly related with boats and fish chorus.

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