Citation Information: WorldFish Center Report to SPREP, January 2011
Authors: Hugh Govan, Anne-Maree Schwarz, Delvene Boso
Executive Summary: Solomon Islands has recently developed substantial policy aiming to support inshore fisheries management, conservation, climate change adaptation and ecosystem approaches to resource management. A large body of experience in community based approaches to management has developed but “upscaling” and particularly the implementation of nation-wide approaches has received little attention so far. With the emerging challenges posed by climate change and the need for ecosystem wide and integrated approaches attracting serious donor attention, a national debate on the most effective approaches to implementation is urgently needed. This report discusses potential implementation of “a cost-effective and integrated approach to resource management that is consistent with national policy and needs” based on a review of current policy and institutional structures and examination of a recent case study from Lau, Malaita using stakeholder, transaction and financial cost analyses.
Policy priorities call for an integrated approach to achieving sustainable development goals through bottom-up, people-centred approaches at multiple scales and across all sectors with consideration of ecosystem linkages and the emerging threats posed by climate change. The approach to achieving these targets island-wide is termed in this report Integrated Island Management (IIM).
National and provincial budgets available for implementation of fisheries or environmental managementare low and likely to remain so into the future. Given the widespread assumption that community based approaches will be used for resource management as well as conservation, climate change adaptation and disaster preparedness activities, amongst others, there is an urgent need to find affordable implementation mechanisms. IIM may provide this opportunity.