Fishing for ecosystem services

Last modified: 
December 14, 2019 - 9:49am
Type: Journal Article
Year of publication: 2016
Date published: 12/2016
Authors: Kevin Pope, Mark Pegg, Nicholas Cole, Stephen Siddons, Alexis Fedele, Brian Harmon, Ryan Ruskamp, Dylan Turner, Caleb Uerling
Journal title: Journal of Environmental Management
Volume: 183
Pages: 408 - 417
ISSN: 03014797

Ecosystems are commonly exploited and manipulated to maximize certain human benefits. Such changes can degrade systems, leading to cascading negative effects that may be initially undetected, yet ultimately result in a reduction, or complete loss, of certain valuable ecosystem services. Ecosystem-based management is intended to maintain ecosystem quality and minimize the risk of irreversible change to natural assemblages of species and to ecosystem processes while obtaining and maintaining long-term socioeconomic benefits. We discuss policy decisions in fishery management related to commonly manipulated environments with a focus on influences to ecosystem services. By focusing on broader scales, managing for ecosystem services, and taking a more proactive approach, we expect sustainable, quality fisheries that are resilient to future disturbances. To that end, we contend that: (1) management always involves tradeoffs; (2) explicit management of fisheries for ecosystem services could facilitate a transition from reactive to proactive management; and (3) adaptive co-management is a process that could enhance management for ecosystem services. We propose adaptive co-management with an ecosystem service framework where actions are implemented within ecosystem boundaries, rather than political boundaries, through strong interjurisdictional relationships.

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