Biodiversity redistribution under climate change: Impacts on ecosystems and human well-being

Last modified: 
April 5, 2017 - 9:56pm
Type: Journal Article
Year of publication: 2017
Date published: 03/2017
Authors: Gretta Pecl, Miguel Araújo, Johann Bell, Julia Blanchard, Timothy Bonebrake, I-Ching Chen, Timothy Clark, Robert Colwell, Finn Danielsen, Birgitta Evengård, Lorena Falconi, Simon Ferrier, Stewart Frusher, Raquel Garcia, Roger Griffis, Alistair Hobday, Charlene Janion-Scheepers, Marta Jarzyna, Sarah Jennings, Jonathan Lenoir, Hlif Linnetved, Victoria Martin, Phillipa McCormack, Jan McDonald, Nicola Mitchell, Tero Mustonen, John Pandolfi, Nathalie Pettorelli, Ekaterina Popova, Sharon Robinson, Brett Scheffers, Justine Shaw, Cascade Sorte, Jan Strugnell, Jennifer Sunday, Mao-Ning Tuanmu, Adriana Vergés, Cecilia Villanueva, Thomas Wernberg, Erik Wapstra, Stephen Williams
Journal title: Science
Volume: 355
Issue: 6332
Pages: eaai9214
ISSN: 0036-8075

Distributions of Earth’s species are changing at accelerating rates, increasingly driven by human-mediated climate change. Such changes are already altering the composition of ecological communities, but beyond conservation of natural systems, how and why does this matter? We review evidence that climate-driven species redistribution at regional to global scales affects ecosystem functioning, human well-being, and the dynamics of climate change itself. Production of natural resources required for food security, patterns of disease transmission, and processes of carbon sequestration are all altered by changes in species distribution. Consideration of these effects of biodiversity redistribution is critical yet lacking in most mitigation and adaptation strategies, including the United Nation’s Sustainable Development Goals.

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