Participatory scenario planning and climate change impacts, adaptation and vulnerability research in the Arctic

Last modified: 
November 13, 2017 - 7:40pm
Type: Journal Article
Year of publication: 2018
Date published: 01/2018
Authors: Melanie Flynn, James Ford, Tristan Pearce, Sherilee Harper
Journal title: Environmental Science & Policy
Volume: 79
Pages: 45 - 53
ISSN: 14629011

Participatory scenario planning (PSP) approaches are increasingly being used in research on climate change impacts, adaptation, and vulnerability (IAV). We identify and evaluate how PSP has been used in IAV studies in the Arctic, reviewing work published in the peer-reviewed and grey literature (n = 43). Studies utilizing PSP commonly follow the stages recognized as ‘best practice’ in the general literature in scenario planning, engaging with multiple ways of knowing including western science and traditional knowledge, and are employed in a diversity of sectors. Community participation, however, varies between studies, and climate projections are only utilized in just over half of the studies reviewed, raising concern that important future drivers of change are not fully captured. The time required to conduct PSP, involving extensive community engagement, was consistently reported as a challenge, and for application in Indigenous communities requires careful consideration of local culture, values, and belief systems on what it means to prepare for future climate impacts.

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