Public perceptions of marine threats and protection from around the world

Last modified: 
March 29, 2018 - 2:50pm
Type: Journal Article
Year of publication: 2018
Date published: 02/2018
Authors: Heike Lotze, Haley Guest, Jennifer O'Leary, Arthur Tuda, Douglas Wallace
Journal title: Ocean & Coastal Management
Volume: 152
Pages: 14 - 22
ISSN: 09645691

The ocean is increasingly facing direct and indirect threats from multiple human activities that alter marine ecosystems worldwide. Mitigating these threats requires a global shift in the way people perceive and interact with the marine environment. Marine public perceptions research has emerged as a useful tool to understand public awareness and attitudes towards the sea. This study compares available surveys of public perceptions of marine threats and protection involving >32,000 respondents across 21 countries. Results indicate that 70% of respondents believe the marine environment is under threat from human activities, and 45% believe the threat is high or very high. Yet when asked about the ocean's health, only 15% thought it was poor or threatened. Respondents consistently ranked pollution issues as the highest threat, followed by fishing, habitat alteration and climate change. With respect to ocean protection, 73% of respondents support marine protected areas in their region. Most respondents overestimated the area of ocean currently protected, and would like to see much larger areas protected in the future. Overall, a clear picture emerged of the perceived threats and support for protection which can inform marine managers, policy makers, conservation practitioners and educators to improve marine management and conservation programs.

Freely available?: 
Approximate cost to purchase or rent this item from the publisher: US $35.95

(Links to preprints and postprints are checked for validity at the time of publication. If this link does not work, please let us know in the comments below. Additionally, you may use the Google Scholar link below to search for alternative freely-available versions of this resource.)

Summary available?: 

Report an error or inaccuracy

Notice an error in the Literature item above? Please let us know in the comments section below. Thank you for helping us keep the Literature Library up-to-date!

Add new comment