The State of Deep‐Sea Coral and Sponge Ecosystems of the United States
Corals and sponges create the most important biogenic habitats in the deep sea, and support ecosystems of incredible variety and biodiversity. In 2007, the United States National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) published the first peer‐reviewed report on the State of Deep Coral Ecosystems of the United States (Lumsden et al. 2007). The 2017 report on the State of Deep‐Sea Coral and Sponge Ecosystems of the United States updates information on deep‐sea coral ecosystems and management efforts to protect them over the last decade, and presents a first summary of information on U.S. deep‐sea sponge ecosystems. It consists of an introduction, six regional chapters with accompanying on‐line resources, and six spotlight chapters that highlight advances on crosscutting themes.