Environmental fixes and historical trajectories of marine resource use in Southeast Asia

Last modified: 
January 16, 2019 - 12:23pm
Type: Journal Article
Year of publication: 2018
Date published: 05/2018
Authors: Michael Fabinyi
Journal title: Geoforum
Volume: 91
Pages: 87 - 96
ISSN: 00167185

This paper emphasises the long-term historical trajectories of marine resource use in the Philippines through an examination of successive environmental fixes. Based on fieldwork from coastal Mindoro province, the paper shows how the technological intensification and geographical expansion of fisheries, the development of aquaculture and the promotion of tourism represent three forms of environmental fixes that aim to address the problems caused by marine resource declines and subsequent lack of availability of means of production. All three fixes have struggled to reduce environmental pressure or provide a long-term basis for livelihoods. The paper argues that viewing how successive types of environmental fixes unfold over long periods of time highlights how marine resource declines are part of much wider economic and historical processes, with consequent implications for livelihoods and governance.

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