Addressing Criticisms of Large-Scale Marine Protected Areas

Last modified: 
April 19, 2018 - 3:07pm
Type: Journal Article
Year of publication: 2018
Date published: 04/2018
Authors: Bethan O’Leary, Natalie Ban, Miriam Fernandez, Alan Friedlander, Pablo García-Borboroglu, Yimnang Golbuu, Paolo Guidetti, Jean Harris, Julie Hawkins, Tim Langlois, Douglas McCauley, Ellen Pikitch, Robert Richmond, Callum Roberts
Journal title: BioScience
ISSN: 0006-3568

Designated large-scale marine protected areas (LSMPAs, 100,000 or more square kilometers) constitute over two-thirds of the approximately 6.6% of the ocean and approximately 14.5% of the exclusive economic zones within marine protected areas. Although LSMPAs have received support among scientists and conservation bodies for wilderness protection, regional ecological connectivity, and improving resilience to climate change, there are also concerns. We identified 10 common criticisms of LSMPAs along three themes: (1) placement, governance, and management; (2) political expediency; and (3) social–ecological value and cost. Through critical evaluation of scientific evidence, we discuss the value, achievements, challenges, and potential of LSMPAs in these arenas. We conclude that although some criticisms are valid and need addressing, none pertain exclusively to LSMPAs, and many involve challenges ubiquitous in management. We argue that LSMPAs are an important component of a diversified management portfolio that tempers potential losses, hedges against uncertainty, and enhances the probability of achieving sustainably managed oceans.

Freely available?: 
Yes
Summary available?: 
No

Report an error or inaccuracy

Notice an error in the Literature item above? Please let us know in the comments section below. Thank you for helping us keep the Literature Library up-to-date!

Add new comment