Considerations on the effects of tidal regimes in the movement of floating litter in an estuarine environment: Case study of the estuarine system of Santos-São Vicente, Brazil

Last modified: 
January 16, 2019 - 10:44am
Type: Journal Article
Year of publication: 2016
Date published: 09/2016
Authors: Gerson Fernandino, Carla Elliff, Gabriela Frutuoso, Eric da Silva, Guilherme Gama, João Sousa, Iracema Silva
Journal title: Marine Pollution Bulletin
Volume: 110
Issue: 1
Pages: 591 - 595
ISSN: 0025326X

Floating litter in the estuarine system of Santos-São Vicente is common and is part of day-to-day activities of various users of the area. The objective of the present study was to carry out a quali-quantitative evaluation of the occurrence of floating litter, to infer their sources, and to identify environmental factors that are likely to control occurrence and distribution, with particular emphasis on the effects of tidal regimes. Six sampling stations were selected along the aforementioned estuary and visited monthly between July 2010 and January 2012. Floating litter was counted from a fixed sampling station. Plastics prevailed (89.64%) and their main source was domestic activities (55.41%). More litter was found during ebb spring tides, with higher concentrations obeying confluence patterns of the estuary's channels. Results indicated that occurrence can be attributed to the deficiency in basic sewage system in the area and the deliberate disposal into the estuary by the local population.

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