Predicting impact to assess the efficacy of community-based marine reserve design

Last modified: 
December 13, 2019 - 2:43pm
Type: Journal Article
Year of publication: 2018
Date published: 09/2018
Authors: Patrick Smallhorn-West, Tom Bridge, Siola'a Malimali, Robert Pressey, Geoffrey Jones
Journal title: Conservation Letters
Pages: e12602

During the planning phase the efficacy of different strategies to manage marine resources should ultimately be assessed by their potential impact, or ability to make a difference to ecological and social outcomes. While community‐based and systematic approaches to establishing marine protected areas have their strengths and weaknesses, comparisons of their effectiveness often fail to explicitly address potential impact. Here, we predict conservation impact to compare recently implemented community‐based marine reserves in Tonga to a systematic configuration specifically aimed at maximizing impact. Boosted regression tree outputs indicated that fishing pressure accounted for ∼24% of variation in target species biomass. We estimate that the community‐based approach provides 84% of the recovery potential of the configuration with the greatest potential impact. This high potential impact results from community‐based reserves being located close to villages, where fishing pressure is greatest. These results provide strong support for community‐based marine management, with short‐term benefits likely to accrue even where there is little scope for systematic reserve design.

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