Spatial scales of marine conservation management for breeding seabirds

Last modified: 
November 13, 2018 - 8:38am
Type: Journal Article
Year of publication: 2018
Date published: 12/2018
Authors: Steffen Oppel, Mark Bolton, Ana Carneiro, Maria Dias, Jonathan Green, Juan Masello, Richard Phillips, Ellie Owen, Petra Quillfeldt, Annalea Beard, Sophie Bertrand, Jez Blackburn, Dee Boersma, Alder Borges, Annette Broderick, Paulo Catry, Ian Cleasby, Elizabeth Clingham, Jeroen Creuwels, Sarah Crofts, Richard Cuthbert, Hanneke Dallmeijer, Delia Davies, Rachel Davies, Ben Dilley, Herculano Dinis, Justine Dossa, Michael Dunn, Marcio Efe, Annette Fayet, Leila Figueiredo, Adelcides Frederico, Carina Gjerdrum, Brendan Godley, José Granadeiro, Tim Guilford, Keith Hamer, Carolina Hazin, April Hedd, Leeann Henry, Marcos Hernández-Montero, Jefferson Hinke, Nobuo Kokubun, Eliza Leat, Laura Tranquilla, Benjamin Metzger, Teresa Militão, Gilson Montrond, Wim Mullié, Oliver Padget, Elizabeth Pearmain, Ingrid Pollet, Klemens Pütz, Flavio Quintana, Norman Ratcliffe, Robert Ronconi, Peter Ryan, Sarah Saldanha, Akiko Shoji, Jolene Sim, Cleo Small, Louise Soanes, Akinori Takahashi, Phil Trathan, Wayne Trivelpiece, Jan Veen, Ewan Wakefield, Nicola Weber, Sam Weber, Laura Zango, Jacob González-Solís, John Croxall
Journal title: Marine Policy
Volume: 98
Pages: 37 - 46
ISSN: 0308597X

Knowing the spatial scales at which effective management can be implemented is fundamental for conservation planning. This is especially important for mobile species, which can be exposed to threats across large areas, but the space use requirements of different species can vary to an extent that might render some management approaches inefficient. Here the space use patterns of seabirds were examined to provide guidance on whether conservation management approaches should be tailored for taxonomic groups with different movement characteristics. Seabird tracking data were synthesised from 5419 adult breeding individuals of 52 species in ten families that were collected in the Atlantic Ocean basin between 1998 and 2017. Two key aspects of spatial distribution were quantified, namely how far seabirds ranged from their colony, and to what extent individuals from the same colony used the same areas at sea. There was evidence for substantial differences in patterns of space-use among the ten studied seabird families, indicating that several alternative conservation management approaches are needed. Several species exhibited large foraging ranges and little aggregation at sea, indicating that area-based conservation solutions would have to be extremely large to adequately protect such species. The results highlight that short-ranging and aggregating species such as cormorants, auks, some penguins, and gulls would benefit from conservation approaches at relatively small spatial scales during their breeding season. However, improved regulation of fisheries, bycatch, pollution and other threats over large spatial scales will be needed for wide-ranging and dispersed species such as albatrosses, petrels, storm petrels and frigatebirds.frigatebirds.

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