Ocean data portals: Performing a new infrastructure for ocean governance

Last modified: 
December 13, 2019 - 2:01pm
Type: Journal Article
Year of publication: 2019
Date published: 01/2019
Authors: Noëlle Boucquey, Kevin Martin, Luke Fairbanks, Lisa Campbell, Sarah Wise
Journal title: Environment and Planning D: Society and Space
Pages: 026377581882282
ISSN: 0263-7758

We are currently in what might be termed a “third phase” of ocean enclosures around the world. This phase has involved an unprecedented intensity of map-making that supports an emerging regime of ocean governance where resources are geocoded, multiple and disparate marine uses are weighed against each other, spatial tradeoffs are made, and exclusive rights to spaces and resources are established. The discourse and practice of marine spatial planning inform the contours of this emerging regime. This paper examines the infrastructure of marine spatial planning via two ocean data portals recently created to support marine spatial planning on the East Coast of the United States. Applying theories of ontological politics, critical cartography, and a critical conceptualization of “care,” we examine portal performances in order to link their organization and imaging practices with the ideological and ontological work these infrastructures do, particularly in relation to environmental and human community actors. We further examine how ocean ontologies may be made durable through portal use and repetition, but also how such performances can “slip,” thereby creating openings for enacting marine spatial planning differently. Our analysis reveals how portal infrastructures assemble, edit, and visualize data, and how it matters to the success of particular performances of marine spatial planning.

Freely available?: 
Approximate cost to purchase or rent this item from the publisher: US $36.00
Summary available?: