From ecological trade-offs to resilience: Insights from exploited marine ecosystems

Last modified: 
December 13, 2019 - 2:00pm
Type: Journal Article
Year of publication: 2019
Date published: 01/2019
Authors: Simone Libralato, Davide Agnetta
Journal title: Current Opinion in Systems Biology
ISSN: 24523100

Ecological trade-offs due to different perturbations are here quantified by comparing direct impacts and net effects using fishing pressures on marine ecosystems as controlled perturbations. Results highlight that trade-offs emerge in majority of cases when evaluated through multispecies models and are independent from model complexity. Trade-offs showed a dome-shaped relationship with direct impact thus supporting the theory of positive effects of intermediate levels of disturbance. Moreover, trade-off intensity resulted to be related to the capability of the system to react to perturbation, i.e., to ecosystem resilience. Overall the work shows the benefit of complex system analysis that permits the emerging ecological trade-offs which are neglected in simpler single species analyses.

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