Micro(nano)plastics: A threat to human health?

Last modified: 
June 10, 2019 - 1:30pm
Type: Journal Article
Year of publication: 2018
Date published: 02/2018
Authors: Messika Revel, Amélie Châtel, Catherine Mouneyrac
Journal title: Current Opinion in Environmental Science & Health
Volume: 1
Pages: 17 - 23
ISSN: 24685844

The presence and effects of plastic debris is increasingly investigated. The majority of studies focuses on microplastics (MPs), but few reports suggest that plastic fragments in the <100 nm size range, referred to as nanoplastics (NPs), may also be formed in the aquatic environment and further to humans. This paper provides a review on routes of human exposure and potential effects of MPs and NPs to human health. MPs/NPs could potentially induce: physical damages through particles itself, and biological stress through MPs/NPs alone or leaching of additives (inorganic and organic). Future research should evaluate trophic transfer of MPs/NPs with their associated chemicals through the marine food web.

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