Saving the vaquita one bite at a time: The missing role of the shrimp consumer in vaquita conservation

Last modified: 
December 13, 2019 - 12:51pm
Type: Journal Article
Year of publication: 2019
Date published: 08/2019
Authors: Victoria Dunch
Journal title: Marine Pollution Bulletin
Volume: 145
Pages: 583 - 586
ISSN: 0025326X

The vaquita (Phocoena sinus) is the world's smallest cetacean and most endangered marine mammal. The species is under threat from illegal fishing activities that take place in the upper Gulf of California (UGC). Artisanal use of gillnets to catch shrimp and poach the endangered totoaba are the primary drivers of vaquita population declines due to bycatch. About 80% of shrimp caught in the UGC is sold to the United States, meaning Americans who consume shrimp may have a direct connection to the plight of the critically endangered vaquita. However, this issue as part of the human dimensions of vaquita conservation has been largely unstudied. Additionally, the majority of Americans are unfamiliar with the vaquita which hinders conservation efforts. This article calls for further research into the human dimensions of vaquita conservation, increased collaboration with fishing communities in the UGC, and connecting seafood sellers and consumers with the vaquita crisis.

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