The contribution of the International Organization for Standardization to ocean governance
Private standard setting by non‐State actors has gained increasing attention and has expanded to regulating various activities. Maritime activities are no exception. The International Organization for Standardization (ISO) sets private standards to govern maritime activities in cooperation with the International Maritime Organization. These ISO standards are incorporated in the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea system and will likely play a more important role in the future. However, the relationship between these standards and the law of the sea has not yet been analysed. This article therefore examines the contribution of private standards, especially those set by the ISO, to ocean governance and evaluates this contribution from a global administrative law perspective. Since the ISO is the largest entity that sets private standards, it can serve as a model for other non‐State actors that set private standards to govern maritime activities.