The Use of Microbial Coatings, Nutrients and Chemical Defense Systems in Oyster Restoration

Last modified: 
December 13, 2019 - 12:25pm
Type: Journal Article
Year of publication: 2019
Date published: 07/2019
Authors: Thomas Manning, Weldon Lane, Richard Williams, Matt Cowan, Marcus Diaz, Christopher Slaton, Konnor MacKey, Pavan Patel, Sydney Plummer, Brittany Butler, Tess Baker
Journal title: Marine Technology Society Journal
Volume: 53
Issue: 4
Pages: 39 - 54
ISSN: 0025-3324

Many oyster species are keystone species that help mitigate shoreline erosion, provide habitats for juvenile fishes, and improve water quality. A number of human-driven factors have led to a decline in their populations worldwide. This article focuses on the chemistry of a novel substrate (nutrient-enriched concrete, or NEC) used to induce settlement and colonization of wild diploid oyster spat and is divided into four sections: (1) composition of the bulk material used for oyster restoration, (2) nutrients added to stimulate growth of bacterial and or algal biofilms, (3) nutrients included for the recently settled oyster spat, and (4) the potential use of natural chemical defense systems to control predators and competing marine life. The goal is to develop a material that can be manufactured and used on a large scale.

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