Future Ocean Observations to Connect Climate, Fisheries and Marine Ecosystems

Last modified: 
December 13, 2019 - 12:23pm
Type: Journal Article
Year of publication: 2019
Date published: 09/2019
Authors: Jörn Schmidt, Steven Bograd, Haritz Arrizabalaga, José Azevedo, Steven Barbeaux, John Barth, Tim Boyer, Stephanie Brodie, Juan Cárdenas, Scott Cross, Jean-Noël Druon, Agneta Fransson, Jason Hartog, Elliott Hazen, Alistair Hobday, Michael Jacox, Johannes Karstensen, Sven Kupschus, Jon Lopez, Lauro Madureira, José Filho, Patricia Miloslavich, Catarina Santos, Kylie Scales, Sabrina Speich, Matthew Sullivan, Amber Szoboszlai, Desiree Tommasi, Douglas Wallace, Stephani Zador, Paulo Zawislak
Journal title: Frontiers in Marine Science
Volume: 6

Advances in ocean observing technologies and modeling provide the capacity to revolutionize the management of living marine resources. While traditional fisheries management approaches like single-species stock assessments are still common, a global effort is underway to adopt ecosystem-based fisheries management (EBFM) approaches. These approaches consider changes in the physical environment and interactions between ecosystem elements, including human uses, holistically. For example, integrated ecosystem assessments aim to synthesize a suite of observations (physical, biological, socioeconomic) and modeling platforms [ocean circulation models, ecological models, short-term forecasts, management strategy evaluations (MSEs)] to assess the current status and recent and future trends of ecosystem components. This information provides guidance for better management strategies. A common thread in EBFM approaches is the need for high-quality observations of ocean conditions, at scales that resolve critical physical-biological processes and are timely for management needs. Here we explore options for a future observing system that meets the needs of EBFM by (i) identifying observing needs for different user groups, (ii) reviewing relevant datasets and existing technologies, (iii) showcasing regional case studies, and (iv) recommending observational approaches required to implement EBFM. We recommend linking ocean observing within the context of Global Ocean Observing System (GOOS) and other regional ocean observing efforts with fisheries observations, new forecasting methods, and capacity development, in a comprehensive ocean observing framework.

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