Recovery when you are on your own: Slow population responses in an isolated marine reserve

Last modified: 
December 13, 2019 - 12:12pm
Type: Journal Article
Year of publication: 2019
Date published: 10/2019
Authors: Jack Olson, Richard Appeldoorn, Michelle Schärer-Umpierre, Juan Cruz-Motta
Journal title: PLOS ONE
Volume: 14
Issue: 10
Pages: e0223102

Geographic isolation is an important yet underappreciated factor affecting marine reserve performance. Isolation, in combination with other factors, may preclude recruit subsidies, thus slowing recovery when base populations are small and causing a mismatch between performance and stakeholder expectations. Mona Island is a small, oceanic island located within a partial biogeographic barrier—44 km from the Puerto Rico shelf. We investigated if Mona Island’s no-take zone (MNTZ), the largest in the U.S. Caribbean, was successful in increasing mean size and density of a suite of snapper and grouper species 14 years after designation. The La Parguera Natural Reserve (LPNR) was chosen for evaluation of temporal trends at a fished location. Despite indications of fishing within the no-take area, a reserve effect at Mona Island was evidenced from increasing mean sizes and densities of some taxa and mean total density 36% greater relative to 2005. However, the largest predatory species remained rare at Mona, preventing meaningful analysis of population trends. In the LPNR, most commercial species (e.g., Lutjanus synagrisLutjanus apodusLutjanus mahogoni) did not change significantly in biomass or abundance, but some (Ocyurus chrysurusLachnolaimus maximus), increased in abundance owing to strong recent recruitment. This study documents slow recovery in the MNTZ that is limited to smaller sized species, highlighting both the need for better compliance and the substantial recovery time required by commercially valuable, coral reef fishes in isolated marine reserves.

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