A Roadmap for Using the UN Decade of Ocean Science for Sustainable Development in Support of Science, Policy, and Action

Last modified: 
December 13, 2019 - 11:51am
Type: Journal Article
Year of publication: In Press
Authors: Joachim Claudet, Laurent Bopp, William Cheung, Rodolphe Devillers, Elva Escobar-Briones, Peter Haugan, Johanna Heymans, Valerie Masson-Delmotte, Nele Matz-Lück, Patricia Miloslavich, Lauren Mullineaux, Martin Visbeck, Robert Watson, Anna Zivian, Isabelle Ansorge, Moacyr Araujo, Salvatore Aricò, Denis Bailly, Julian Barbière, Cyrille Barnerias, Chris Bowler, Victor Brun, Anny Cazenave, Cameron Diver, Agathe Euzen, Amadou Gaye, Nathalie Hilmi, Frédéric Ménard, Cyril Moulin, Norma Muñoz, Rémi Parmentier, Antoine Pebayle, Hans-Otto Pörtner, Silva Osvaldina, Patricia Ricard, Ricardo Santos, Marie-Alexandrine Sicre, Stéphanie Thiébault, Torsten Thiele, Romain Troublè, Alexander Turra, Jacqueline Uku, Françoise Gaill
Journal title: One Earth
ISSN: 25903322

The health of the ocean, central to human well-being, has now reached a critical point. Most fish stocks are overexploited, climate change and increased dissolved carbon dioxide are changing ocean chemistry and disrupting species throughout food webs, and the fundamental capacity of the ocean to regulate the climate has been altered. However, key technical, organizational, and conceptual scientific barriers have prevented the identification of policy levers for sustainability and transformative action. Here, we recommend key strategies to address these challenges, including (1) stronger integration of sciences and (2) ocean-observing systems, (3) improved science-policy interfaces, (4) new partnerships supported by (5) a new ocean-climate finance system, and (6) improved ocean literacy and education to modify social norms and behaviors. Adopting these strategies could help establish ocean science as a key foundation of broader sustainability transformations.

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