Potential socioeconomic impacts from ocean acidification and climate change effects on Atlantic Canadian fisheries

Last modified: 
January 14, 2020 - 3:13pm
Type: Journal Article
Year of publication: 2020
Date published: 01/2020
Authors: Tyler Wilson, Sarah Cooley, Travis Tai, William Cheung, Peter Tyedmers
Journal title: PLOS ONE
Volume: 15
Issue: 1
Pages: e0226544

Ocean acidification is an emerging consequence of anthropogenic carbon dioxide emissions. The full extent of the biological impacts are currently not entirely defined. However, it is expected that invertebrate species that rely on the mineral calcium carbonate will be directly affected. Despite the limited understanding of the full extent of potential impacts and responses there is a need to identify potential pathways for human societies to be affected by ocean acidification. Research on these social implications is a small but developing field. This research contributes to this field by using an impact assessment framework, informed by a biophysical model of future species distributions, to investigate potential impacts facing Atlantic Canadian society from potential changes in shellfish fisheries driven by ocean acidification and climate change. New Brunswick and Nova Scotia are expected to see declines in resource accessibility but are relatively socially insulated from these changes. Conversely, Prince Edward Island, along with Newfoundland and Labrador are more socially vulnerable to potential losses in fisheries, but are expected to experience relatively minor net changes in access.

Freely available?: 
Yes
Summary available?: 
No