A framework for selecting and designing policies to reduce marine plastic pollution in developing countries

Last modified: 
May 4, 2020 - 1:01pm
Type: Journal Article
Year of publication: 2020
Date published: 07/2020
Authors: F. Alpizar, F. Carlsson, G. Lanza, B. Carney, R.C. Daniels, M. Jaime, T. Ho, Z. Nie, C. Salazar, B. Tibesigwa, S. Wahdera
Journal title: Environmental Science & Policy
Volume: 109
Pages: 25 - 35
ISSN: 14629011

The polluting of marine ecosystems with plastics is both a global and a local problem with potentially severe consequences for wildlife, economic activity, and human health. It is a problem that originates in countries’ inability to adequately manage the growing flow of waste. We use an impact pathway framework to trace the flow of plastics through the socio-ecological system and identify the role of specific policy instruments in achieving behavioral changes to reduce marine plastic waste. We produce a toolbox for finding a policy that is suitable for different countries. We use the impact pathway and toolbox to make country-specific recommendations that reflect the reality in each of the selected countries.

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