Politics, environment, and fisheries: empirical evidence from Pacific salmon fisheries

Last modified: 
December 14, 2019 - 11:16am
Type: Journal Article
Year of publication: 2014
Date published: 08/2014
Authors: Chris Benshoof, Jungho Baek
Journal title: Natural Resource Modeling
Volume: 27
Pages: 300–310
ISSN: 1939-7445

Pacific salmon have always been a lucrative commodity in Alaska history. The primary contribution of this paper is to assess the effects of statewide policy changes such as the 1959 Alaska Statehood and the 1974 Limited Entry Act on the harvest of Pacific salmon in Alaska, controlling for changes in oceanic environmental conditions such as the Pacific Decadal Oscillation. An autoregressive distributed lag approach is employed to annual time-series data for 1899–1996. We find that, while the 1974 Limited Entry Act has a significant effect on Alaska salmon harvests, the 1959 Alaska Statehood had little impact. In addition, the oceanic environment has an important determinant of long-run Alaska salmon harvests.

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