Operationalizing the social-ecological systems framework to assess sustainability

Last modified: 
August 30, 2016 - 8:15am
Type: Journal Article
Year of publication: 2015
Date published: 04/2015
Authors: Heather Leslie, Xavier Basurto, Mateja Nenadovic, Leila Sievanen, Kyle Cavanaugh, Juan Cota-Nieto, Brad Erisman, Elena Finkbeiner, Gustavo Hinojosa-Arango, Marcia Moreno-Báez, Sriniketh Nagavarapu, Sheila Reddy, Alexandra Sánchez-Rodríguez, Katherine Siegel, José Ulibarria-Valenzuela, Amy Weaver, Octavio Aburto-Oropeza
Journal title: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
ISSN: 0027-8424

Environmental governance is more effective when the scales of ecological processes are well matched with the human institutions charged with managing human–environment interactions. The social-ecological systems (SESs) framework provides guidance on how to assess the social and ecological dimensions that contribute to sustainable resource use and management, but rarely if ever has been operationalized for multiple localities in a spatially explicit, quantitative manner. Here, we use the case of small-scale fisheries in Baja California Sur, Mexico, to identify distinct SES regions and test key aspects of coupled SESs theory. Regions that exhibit greater potential for social-ecological sustainability in one dimension do not necessarily exhibit it in others, highlighting the importance of integrative, coupled system analyses when implementing spatial planning and other ecosystem-based strategies.

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