OpenChannels News

OC Overview
Posted on August 13, 2018 - 10:37am, by raye

Apathy towards poachers widespread in world's marine protected areas

New research by the ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies assesses how fishers behave when faced with poaching in MPAs. The study found that majority of fishers, in the countries studied, did nothing when faced with illegal fishing behavior. The researchers hoped to find what would make fishers more empathetic towards the protection of MPAs. (via Phys.org)

Community Updates - External Link
Posted on August 7, 2018 - 10:38am, by vbell

We are pleased to announce a webinar on a recently launched project. Andre Punt and Tessa Francis will describe their work developing recommendations to estimate bycatch for the Marine Mammal Protection Act Import Provisions. They will also detail the project goals and process and take questions and comments.

MEAM

Editor’s note: The Skimmer is a MEAM feature where we briefly review the latest news and research on a topic. This Skimmer features new research and insights presented at the 4th International Symposium on Effects of Climate Change on the World’s Oceans (ECCWO), held in June 2018 in Washington, DC. In last month’s MEAM, we covered new research on how weather and climate extremes are impacting marine ecosystems, as well as some climate change tools and resources, presented at the symposium. This month we examine what practitioners can do about it.

Marine species just are not where they used to be: Managing and conserving species on the move

  • The problem: Much of current conservation action is based on maintaining species in the same places they have been located historically and at roughly the same levels of abundance. Marine resource management, likewise, is based on historical assumptions about where species are and in what numbers. But we are currently seeing big geographical shifts in marine populations in response to climate change, sometimes across political and management boundaries. How in the world can we deal with this?
OC Overview
Posted on August 6, 2018 - 11:13am, by raye

Designing the Death of a Plastic

Researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana Champagne have created a new type of plastic. At the end of each polymer of plastic sits a little lock that when heated or exposed to some element clicks open causing the plastic itself to dismantle. This breakthrough could end the fear that comes with non-degradable single-use plastics. (via New York Times)

MEAM

Editor’s Note: In June 2018, US President Donald Trump issued Executive Order 13840 Ocean Policy To Advance the Economic, Security, and Environmental Interests of the United States. This executive order formally revokes Executive Order 13547 Stewardship of the Ocean, Our Coasts, and the Great Lakes, issued in July 2010 by former US President Barack Obama. MEAM interviewed Sarah Winter Whelan, director of the American Littoral Society's Ocean Policy Program and Healthy Oceans Coalition, about what these changes mean for ocean planning in the US, including existing regional ocean plans.

MPA News

Scientists now recognize that ecosystems can sometimes undergo abrupt, dramatic changes in response to human use or environmental conditions. When a tipping point like this is crossed, we can witness upheaval in ecosystem structure and function and in ecosystem benefits to people. These tipping points can be hard to reverse due to feedbacks that reinforce the new state.

MPA News

By Carlos A. Espinosa, Néstor J. Windevoxhel, and Juan C. Villagran

Protected areas in Central America showcase the region’s magnificent landscape and tropical biodiversity – terrestrial and marine. They help maintain a sustainable supply of water, food, and other natural resources essential for all life in the region. And they provide Central America’s inhabitants a way to protect their own economy, welfare, and future.

MPA News

By Angelo O’Connor Villagomez, Pew Bertarelli Ocean Legacy Project senior officer

As more countries designate MPAs in their territories, the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), which for over 70 years has been the global authority on the status of the natural world and the measures needed to conserve it, has recently provided clarity to help countries more accurately report their MPAs to the World Database on Protected Areas (WDPA).

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