The ecological goods and services provided by the world's oceans are critical to human well-being and prosperity. However, the sustainable management of these resources remains a significant challenge. Embedded within large, complex socio-ecological systems and facing uncertain and unpredictable threats, such as those associated with climate change and population growth, successfully protecting marine resources requires the integration of science into policy to support evidence-informed decision-making.
News and Updates
The sixth summer school in the IMBeR ClimEco series will be held in Yogyakarta in Indonesia from 1-8 August 2018. It will deal with interdisciplinary approaches for sustainable management of marine resources. Because of the complexity of the dynamic social-ecological systems in which they are embedded, as well as the projection that the effects of natural and anthropogenic impacts are likely to intensify, successful marine management requires governance approaches that consider the social and ecological dimensions in tandem.
A satellite view of the deforestation in the wildlife refuge Punta de Manabique in Guatemala, and a vision proposal to revert the actual destructive tendency.
Punta de Manabique is the only place in Guatemala with coral reefs. It is home to two endangered species: The Hammerhead Shark (Sphirna mokarran) and the Chumbimba (Vieja Maculicauda). It has the most extensive seagrasses in the country, beaches and waves, swamps, tall forests, palms, mangroves, guamiles and freshwater lagoons. It provides shelter to the largest number of migratory birds in Guatemala. The flooded forests or swamps of Confra (Manicaria saccifera), a species of palm, is one of the rarest ecosystems in Guatemala, which exists only in this region.
However, since 2005 the area has been rapidly deforested. Currently, the agricultural frontier continues, wood extraction, destruction of the Motagua river basin, fauna extraction, overfishing, garbage and pollution.
A new TRAFFIC report reveals a thriving trade in poached South African abalone Haliotis midae in Hong Kong, where the marine mollusc is considered a delicacy in Cantonese cuisine. Over the last 20 years, the illegal harvest of abalone in South Africa has exceeded the legal quotas, with criminal networks poaching and smuggling wild abalone to Hong Kong, which imports about 90% of all dried South African abalone.
Via The Guardian
"'By identifying vulnerable marine ecosystems and registering their locations with CCAMLR (the body set up to manage Antarctic marine life), they can then be incorporated into the mathematical models that are being used to help generate Marine Protected Areas for this region.'"
Via The Drum
"Created for the Marine Conservation Society (MCS) by creative shop Daughter, the campaign launched at the end of last month and asks punters to picture the catastrophic impact that plastic pollution has on marine wildlife, by displaying shocking images of people swallowing polythene food bags and disposable plastic cutlery."
Via The Fish Site
"Kenya has seen significant aquaculture growth and development over the years, but one of the constraints faced by Kenyan farmers is a low survival rate among fry, due to the low-quality, or lack, of live feeds. This has led to an increasing demand for valuable sources such as Artemia (brine shrimp) biomass and cysts (the shrimps’ dormant eggs). Artemia are particularly convenient as their cysts can be stored in airtight cans for many years and hatched 24 hours prior to feeding."
"Traces of life on land are increasingly showing up in oceans and in ocean life. Scientists are finding a growing presence of pharmaceuticals, small pieces of plastic and household chemicals in the bodies of Pacific razor clams, Pacific oysters and remote seabird"
Via Oceans Deeply
"A nearly decade-long University of Alaska project to monitor the ecology of puffins, crested auklets and other seabirds that flock to the storm-tossed Aleutian Islands has produced crucial baseline information about microplastics contamination in marine waters off Alaska. Of more than 200 Aleutian birds initially examined, nearly 1 in 5 turned out to have some type of organic materials in their stomachs, researchers found."
Via Hakai Magazine
"When the September die-off hit, ecologist Claudia Halsband from Akvaplan-niva a private research firm, hurried to the fjord and spent a week sampling the waters. Halsband and a team of scientists from the firm and Norwegian universities had spent the summer in Ryggefjord, working the case of those earlier mass mortalities, though without much luck. But when she returned two months later, Halsband finally found something out of the ordinary."