Following the Indian Ocean tsunami in December 2004, experts analyzed how impacts of the disaster were influenced by coastal ecosystem alteration, including degradation of coral reefs and removal of mangrove forests. A primary conclusion was that more-natural coastal ecosystems were better able to dissipate the disaster forces, withstand stress, and recover from the event, as well as protect coastal communities. In general, natural systems were more resilient.
News and Updates
Funding available for coral reef projects
When practitioners face the challenges of MPA planning and management - financing, monitoring, enforcement, and so forth - knowledge of how peers have addressed similar challenges can be invaluable. This sharing of lessons can take many forms. Among the most effective, and intensive, is the direct exchange of personnel between sites, allowing managers and stakeholders to experience first-hand how MPAs with similar goals and concerns do their work.
Effective management of an MPA, like any institution, depends on being able to communicate effectively. When an MPA is in a remote location, communication can be difficult, both internally among staff and externally between management and stakeholder communities. Preventing or responding to illegal activity, for example, becomes a challenge for managers when they cannot communicate immediately or securely with one another.
UNESCO World Heritage adds four marine sites
Four sites with major marine components are among the newest additions to the World Heritage List, overseen by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO). Added to the list on 14 July 2005, these new World Heritage sites are:
Reply to letter on Pew Fellows MPA Statement
Dear MPA News:
Several nations worldwide are wrestling with the challenge of building cohesive and effective systems of MPAs in their waters. In the US, when former President Bill Clinton declared by executive order in 2000 that his nation develop a comprehensive national system of MPAs (MPA News 1:9), few details were available on how that mandate should be accomplished.
In an essay in the June 2005 issue of MPA News, Nancy Dahl-Tacconi of the University of Queensland called on MPA managers to balance the roles of science and stakeholder participation in decision-making ("Science, Participation, and Politics in MPA Management", MPA News 6:11). At the end of the essay, MPA News asked readers: What role should negotiation with stakeholders play, and are there times when decisions should be based primarily on natural science with less consideration of stakeholders' concerns?
No-take areas are not one-size-fits-all solution
Dear MPA News:
The Pew Fellows report discussed in the June issue (MPA News 6:11) is troubling. To say that 10-50% of all marine ecosystems should become no-take zones ignores reality. In each part of the sea where protection is necessary, there are areas where no-take is justified within MPA boundaries, and areas where other types of management are more appropriate.