The multinational effort to protect the vast resources of the Antarctic marine environment is often cited as among the best working examples of marine EBM. This regional initiative is under the auspices of the Convention on the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources, which came into force in 1982 (www.ccamlr.org). Among other aspects, the treaty is notable for its embrace of the precautionary approach and the need to consider ecological links between species as part of management - the "ecosystem approach".
By Daniel Pauly
[Editor's note: Pauly is head of the Sea Around Us Project at the University of British Colombia, Canada. E-mail: d.pauly [at] fisheries.ubc.ca]
By Mike Beck
[Editor's note: Beck is a senior scientist with The Nature Conservancy in Santa Cruz, California, U.S. E-mail: mbeck [at] tnc.org]
By John F. Caddy
[Editor's note: Caddy is formerly of FAO and now an independent consultant based in Rome. E-mail: jfcaddy [at] yahoo.co.uk]
Editor's note: The goal of The EBM Toolbox is to promote awareness of software tools for facilitating EBM processes, and to provide advice on using those tools effectively. It is brought to you by the EBM Tools Network (www.ebmtools.org), a voluntary alliance of leading tool users, developers, and training providers.
By Sarah Carr
In ecosystem-based fisheries management (EBFM), tools are needed to help assess and plan for the impact of fisheries on natural and human systems. Such tools may include:
Global webinar on EBM & EBFM: 16 March 2009 (Note: This has been rescheduled from 23 February)
MEAM and the EBM Tools Network will co-host a live Web-based seminar (or "webinar") on Monday, 16 March 2009, to explore the relationship between ecosystem-based management and ecosystem-based fisheries management. Speakers will include:
When scientists and policy-makers gathered in Poland this month for the United Nations Climate Change Conference, significant attention was paid to the effects of increased greenhouse gases on the oceans. The threats of sea level rise and warming sea temperatures, including the latter's impact on coral reefs by causing bleaching, received a major focus.
Although ocean acidification will have effects throughout the world's oceans, most of the research on it so far has been in a tropical context, where its implications for coral reef health pose a major concern. Reduced pH levels of seawater are expected to lead to the breakdown of corals' calcium carbonate skeletons, causing significant and potentially irreversible changes in reef ecosystems.
In September 2008, the conservation organization WWF held a series of workshops throughout the Baltic Sea region. The workshops were designed to provide lessons in marine spatial planning and management to Baltic decision-makers and stakeholders, and were noteworthy for at least two reasons. One, they featured people who had led a process to re-zone Australia's Great Barrier Reef Marine Park (MPA News 5:10) - a place quite different from the Baltic in many ways.
The U.S. has released the framework for its national system of marine protected areas. The framework outlines key components of the national system, including: