As our global society's need for energy continues to grow, the oceans are playing an increasing role in meeting that demand. The development of deeper and deeper petroleum reserves offshore is opening up significant new supplies of oil and gas. And projects to harness the potential of wind, wave, and tidal energy are sprouting off many coastlines, offering the promise of abundant, renewable power.
By Tundi Agardy, Contributing Editor, MEAM (tundiagardy [at] earthlink.net)
By Paul Holthus, Executive Director, World Ocean Council
The single most important factor determining the health of the ocean is the way business is done in the marine environment. As the tragedy in the Gulf of Mexico unfortunately demonstrates, the best-laid marine spatial plans or best-designed marine protected area can be severely compromised, if not rendered meaningless, by outside impacts on marine environmental quality in the protected area.
A step toward EBM: Form a regular advisory group
Arctic governance needs reform in response to climate change
Editor's note: The goal of The EBM Toolbox is to promote awareness of tools for facilitating EBM processes. It is brought to you by the EBM Tools Network, a voluntary alliance of tool users, developers, and training providers.
By Sarah Carr
Tools for modeling climate change impacts and assessing the vulnerability of communities and ecosystems to these impacts include...
On 1 April, the UK Government announced its designation of a marine protected area around the Chagos Archipelago in the Indian Ocean, also known as the British Indian Ocean Territory (BIOT). The 636,600-km2 MPA, which comprises the archipelago's Exclusive Economic Zone and territorial waters, has been touted as the largest MPA in the world.*
Having to enforce an MPA's regulations is more expensive than having the public comply voluntarily with those rules. Hence, public education about the need for an MPA - and the various benefits the MPA could provide to stakeholders over time - can be invaluable for both protecting the site and lowering management costs. In general, where there is broad public support for an MPA's goals, the odds of its success are greatest.
Editor's note: Ton IJlstra is project leader for adoption of fisheries measures in MPAs managed within the Dutch Ministry of Agriculture, Nature Conservation and Food Quality.
By Ton IJlstra