Climate-related drivers of change – such as ocean warming, acidification, and deoxygenation – will alter ocean conditions and lead to changes in marine ecosystem structure and functioning, as well as the redistribution of the services that the oceans provide (see Figure 1). As a consequence, human uses that rely on these services – fisheries, aquaculture, and tourism for example – will also undergo spatial and temporal changes at multiple scales. These changes will include local increases and decreases in intensity of uses and relocation of uses. Marine spatial planning (MSP) informs the distribution of ocean uses in space and time, and it will undoubtedly be affected by climate change at all scales ranging from global to local.
- World on track to reach 1.5°C warming by 2030-2052
- Morocco and Gambia only countries meeting Paris climate goals
- Oceans may be retaining more heat than previously estimated
- Study assesses potential for ocean-based measures to counter climate change (policy brief also available)
- European Parliament approves ban on single-use plastics
- Plastic creating new habitats and promoting invasibility of the deep sea
- Guidance for addressing land-sea interactions in MSP available
- New policy brief on implementing ecosystem-based approach in MSP available
- New tool provides free access to management-relevant ocean data
- Report compares costs and capabilities of marine monitoring techniques
- New database documents effectiveness of green infrastructure
- Materials for integrated coastal management training course available
- User guide created for EU MSP Platform
Creating a new marine management or conservation plan? You can learn what others have done in the past – build on their research and experiences and avoid making the same mistakes – using the new Conservation Planning Database. The database has just been launched with 163 peer-reviewed papers on 155 marine systematic conservation planning exercises worldwide. The database can help planners find relevant conservation plans from all over the world including their local area, help scientists study trends in conservation planning, and help donors and NGOs identify regions where little conservation planning has been done.
Following the October 2018 article on marine ecosystem restoration, MEAM also had the opportunity to interview Rohani Ambo-Rappe, a lecturer at Hasanuddin University in Makassar, South Sulawesi, Indonesia. She shared her experiences and advice from her work on seagrass restoration in the region. She can be contacted at rohani.amborappe [at] gmail.com for further information.
Startling new research finds large buildup of heat in the oceans, suggesting a faster rate of global warming
The ocean is discovered to yearly intake 60% more heat than previously known. In previous news, the IPCC warned that the earth can only warm 1.5 degrees celsius more before serious damage occurs. Having already warmed 1 degree celsius, the ability to keep our warming to less than .5 is going to be even more difficult. If these results can be retested and are found to be reliable, it would mean that much greater action is needed to help our planet (via The Washington Post)
By Rachel Jones
On 11 September 2018 the Bertarelli Foundation hosted its first Marine Science Symposium at the Royal Geographical Society in London. The event was a showcase for the first full year of activities in the Bertarelli Programme in Marine Science – a program that focuses entirely on the 644,000-km2 British Indian Ocean Territory (BIOT) marine protected area, which includes the Chagos Archipelago.
By Anne Nelson and the IMPACT team
Our IMPACT training team has spent a lot of time lately on building capacity for good governance. Good governance may be viewed as applying a set of internationally accepted principles for governing protected areas. These include equity, inclusivity, accountability, efficiency, responsiveness, transparency, and more.1 MPAs that effectively apply these good governance principles can have sustained support and resiliency, and can meet multiple community and conservation goals.
These recent articles or preprints on MPA-related science and policy are all free to access.
Preprint: Voyer, M., et al. Shades of blue: what do competing interpretations of the Blue Economy mean for oceans governance? Journal of Environmental Policy & Planning 20, 595 - 616 (2018).
Commercial fishing moratorium in central Arctic Ocean is signed
Eight nations met in Greenland in October to sign a historic formal agreement, first announced in November 2017, that bans commercial fishing across much of the Arctic for the next 16 years.
A 14-year-long oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico verges on becoming one of the worst in U.S. history
In another case of “are you serious, how has this been happening??” Taylor Energy, an oil company, is reported to have failed in informing both the public and government officials about a consistent oil spill, and has since being found continuing to lie as to the amount of oil being dispersed. This comes at the same time that President Trump approves a controversial plan for oil drilling along Alaskan federal waters, hiring a somewhat less than reputable oil company. (via Washington Post)