By Tundi Agardy, MEAM Contributing Editor (tundiagardy [at] earthlink.net)
News and Updates
Editor's note: The goal of The EBM Toolbox is to promote awareness of tools for facilitating EBM and MSP processes. It is brought to you by the EBM Tools Network, a voluntary alliance of tool users, developers, and training providers. Learn more about EBM tools and the EBM Tools Network at www.ebmtools.org.
Global MSP indicator proposed for United Nations Sustainable Development Goals
Editor’s Note: From the Archives is a new feature to call attention to past MEAM articles whose perspectives and insight remain relevant.
THE DEEP-SEA WEBINAR SERIES
Hosted by LP
Our next webinar in the deep-sea series will be on October 20, 2015 at 10am U.S. Eastern time, 3pm London time and 4pm Paris time. This "Deep Sea Fisheries" webinar and will feature Glen Wright, Research Fellow in International Marine Policy at the Institute for Sustainable Development and International Relations (IDDRI) and Claire Nouvian, Director & Founder of BLOOM Association. To register and get more information, go to:
"A massive marine sanctuary is being established off New Zealand’s South Pacific coast to safeguard a variety of sea life — including dolphins, whales, turtles and bird species.
The Kermadec Ocean Sanctuary around 600 miles off the antipodean nation’s northeast coast will contain 240,000 sq. mi. of ocean that is considered one of the world’s most pristine environments but is increasingly under threat from fishing and mineral exploitation, reports AFP."
In the years between 1961 and 2010, the Mediterranean region experienced an economic growth and a doubling of its population leading to an increasing demand for natural resources and ecological services. To satisfy this demand, the region had to import natural resources, such as agricultural products, fibres and fossil fuels. Similar worldwide trends fostered global consumption levels and competition for access to ecological assets, impacting on resource availability and prices in international markets.
"These maps contribute in two ways in identifying “important areas.” First, density is a critical factor in any impact assessment because given an equal amount of disturbance, the number of individuals (and therefore the portion of the population) affected will be higher in a higher density area. Further, density information, along with other observations and data, can often help us understand where areas are important to a species for a particular purpose (feeding, reproduction, etc.), which would aid further in the assessment of the severity of any impacts. To determine areas of possible importance to multiple species, the maps can be stacked on top of each other to obtain maps of the combined density of groups of species. This derived product can then be used to show species richness and diversity as well as help determine core habitat areas. The team is currently consulting with different agencies and experts to determine which summary products would be most useful. It is important to note that the Marine Mammal Protection Act mandates protection for habitats where species are engaged in critical biological activities, such as places where they feed, mate, raise their young, and use as migration paths. These habitats are not always in areas of high density (see http://cetsound.noaa.gov/important ➪).
Finally, in the future, additional models may be created to account for climatological variables at depth, rather than variables recorded at the ocean’s surface. Other planned updates include integrating the Atlantic Marine Assessment Program for Protected Species (AMAPPS) ➪study data, improving uncertainty estimation, and building updated sea turtle models. "
"“The management of coastal resources begins with managing people,” said Maria Pena, Coordinator for the Caribbean SocMon initiative. “Managing people requires understanding their needs, perceptions and vulnerabilities. This is essential for assessing, predicting and managing coastal resource use over time and will strengthen marine managed area management in the region.” [...]
By training individuals throughout the Eastern Caribbean, the ECMMAN program is building a network of committed and well-informed individuals who contribute to a regional database of information. The data provides the facts upon which each country can tell a vibrant story that compels its citizens to take responsible actions to protect their ecosystems."
"Commercial fishing would be allowed in sensitive coral reefs and pristine waters off Australia under advice set to be presented to the Turnbull government that discards landmark marine protections, conservationists say.
Critics say the review of 40 marine reserves is also unlikely to curtail the oil and gas industry, which is pushing for better access to Australia's seabeds."