For the week of 03 December 2018
Greetings OpenChannels Community Members,
Marine Policy has published An examination of trans-Arctic vessel routing in the Central Arctic Ocean, "As the Arctic continues to warm, summer sea ice will continue to recede and a greater expanse of Arctic waters will become navigable. These changes may result in an increase in vessel traffic to the region, including via the Transpolar Sea Route (TSR), through the high seas area of the central Arctic Ocean (CAO). This paper begins with a review of the literature on Arctic vessel traffic to assess the potential effects of various stressors related to vessel traffic in the Arctic Ocean. Available data concerning environmental and safety risks for the Arctic Ocean are used to propose vessel TSR vessel traffic routes that can reduce those risks. The paper concludes with a brief discussion of several examples of vulnerability assessments focused on impacts from vessel traffic in the Arctic as potential models for future work specific to the CAO. The results from this review indicate vessel oiling, air pollution, and noise from icebreakers are immediate concerns to the Arctic Ocean that will likely worsen as the region becomes more navigable and vessel traffic increases. The proposed vessel routes for the Arctic Ocean are meant to serve as a starting point for further discussions before the region becomes fully navigable. As additional data become available, these efforts can be refined further, and a rigorous vulnerability assessment may become possible. Designation as a Particularly Sensitive Sea Area under international law could provide a useful mechanism for creating and updating precautionary shipping measures as more information becomes available."
As always, if we've missed anything, please feel free to let us know. You may simply reply to this message, or you may email Allie directly at abrown [at] openchannels.org.
You can read everything (not just the free stuff) we have found this week at https://www.openchannels.org/literature-update/2018-12-05. Additionally, you can browse literature by the week we've added it at https://www.openchannels.org/literature-by-week.
Thank you for being part of the OpenChannels Community,
– Allie Brown, Raye Evrard, and the rest of the OpenChannels Team
OA: Stevenson, T. C., Davies, J., Huntington, H. P. & Sheard, W. An examination of trans-Arctic vessel routing in the Central Arctic Ocean. Marine Policy (In Press). doi:10.1016/j.marpol.2018.11.031
OA: Welch, H. et al. Environmental indicators to reduce loggerhead turtle bycatch offshore of Southern California. Ecological Indicators 98, 657 - 664 (2019).
Ecosystem-based Management (EBM)
OA: Domisch, S. et al. Social equity shapes zone-selection: Balancing aquatic biodiversity conservation and ecosystem services delivery in the trans-national Danube River Basin. Science of The Total Environment (In Press). doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.11.348
Fisheries and Fisheries Management
OA: Georgian, S. E., Anderson, O. F. & Rowden, A. A. Ensemble habitat suitability modeling of vulnerable marine ecosystem indicator taxa to inform deep-sea fisheries management in the South Pacific Ocean. Fisheries Research 211, 256 - 274 (2019).
Governance and Legal Frameworks
OA: Rohe, J. R., Govan, H., Schlüter, A. & Ferse, S. C. A. A legal pluralism perspective on coastal fisheries governance in two Pacific Island countries. Marine Policy (In Press). doi:10.1016/j.marpol.2018.11.020
Marine/Maritime Spatial Planning (MSP)
OA: Keijser, X. et al. Stakeholder Engagement in Maritime Spatial Planning: The Efficacy of a Serious Game Approach. Water 10, 724 (2018).
OA: Tourism and visitor management in protected areas : guidelines for sustainability. (IUCN, International Union for Conservation of Nature, 2018). doi:10.2305/IUCN.CH.2018.PAG.27.en