The Challenge of Sustaining Ocean Observations

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For the week of 01 April 2019

Greetings OpenChannels Community Members,

Frontiers in Marine Science has published, The Challenge of Sustaining Ocean Observations, "Sustained ocean observations benefit many users and societal goals but could benefit many more. Such information is critical for using ocean resources responsibly and sustainably as the ocean becomes increasingly important to society. The contributions of many nations cooperating to develop the Global Ocean Observing System has resulted in a strong base of global and regional ocean observing networks. However, enhancement of the existing observation system has been constrained by flat funding and limited cooperation among present and potential users. At the same time, a variety of actors are seeking new deployments in remote and newly ice-free regions and new observing capabilities, including biological and biogeochemical sensors. Can these new needs be met? In this paper, a vision for how to sustain ocean observing in the future is presented. A key evolution will be to grow the pool of users, engaging end users across society. Users with shared values need to be brought together with commitment to sustainable use of the ocean in the broadest sense. Present planning for sustained observations builds on the development of the Global Ocean Observing System which has primarily targeted increased scientific understanding of ocean processes and of the ocean's role in climate. We must build on that foundation to develop an Ocean Partnership for Sustained Observing that will incorporate the growing needs of a broad constituency of users beyond climate and make the case for new resources. To be most effective this new Partnership should incorporate the principles of a collective impact organization, enabling closer engagement with the private sector, philanthropies, governments, NGOs, and other groups. Steps toward achieving this new Partnership are outlined in this paper, with the intent of establishing it early in the UN Decade of Ocean Science."

As always, if we've missed anything, please feel free to let us know. You may simply reply to this message, or you may email Allie directly at: abrown [at] openchannels.org.

You can read everything (not just the free stuff) we have found this week at https://www.openchannels.org/literature-update/2019-04-03. Additionally, you can browse literature by the week we've added it at https://www.openchannels.org/literature-by-week.

Thank you for being part of the OpenChannels Community,
– Allie Brown, Raye Evrard, and the rest of the OpenChannels Team

Aquaculture, Seafood, and Food Security

OA: Campbell, I. et al. The Environmental Risks Associated With the Development of Seaweed Farming in Europe - Prioritizing Key Knowledge Gaps. Frontiers in Marine Science 6, (2019).

Climate Change, Ocean Acidification, and Ocean Warming

OA: Turk, D. et al. Time of Emergence of Surface Ocean Carbon Dioxide Trends in the North American Coastal Margins in Support of Ocean Acidification Observing System Design. Frontiers in Marine Science 6, (2019).

Community Perceptions and Attitudes

OA: Frawley, T. H., Crowder, L. B. & Broad, K. Heterogeneous Perceptions of Social-Ecological Change Among Small-Scale Fishermen in the Central Gulf of California: Implications for Adaptive Response. Frontiers in Marine Science 6, (2019).

Conservation Targets & Planning

OA: Arai, T. & Azri, A. Diversity, occurrence and conservation of sharks in the southern South China Sea. PLOS ONE 14, e0213864 (2019).

Corals

OA: Studivan, M. S., Milstein, G. & Voss, J. D. Montastraea cavernosa corallite structure demonstrates distinct morphotypes across shallow and mesophotic depth zones in the Gulf of Mexico. PLOS ONE14, e0203732 (2019).

OA: Jouval, F., Latreille, A. Catherine, Bureau, S., Adjeroud, M. & Penin, L. Multiscale variability in coral recruitment in the Mascarene Islands: From centimetric to geographical scale. PLOS ONE 14, e0214163 (2019).

OA: Hebbeln, D., Portilho-Ramos, Rda Costa, Wienberg, C. & Titschack, J. The Fate of Cold-Water Corals in a Changing World: A Geological Perspective. Frontiers in Marine Science 6, (2019).

Ecosystem Services and Uses

OA: Dasgupta, S., Islam, M. Saiful, Huq, M., Khan, Z. Huque & Hasib, M. Raqubul. Quantifying the protective capacity of mangroves from storm surges in coastal Bangladesh. PLOS ONE 14, e0214079 (2019).

Ecosystem-based Management (EBM)

OA: Herrón, P., Castellanos-Galindo, G. A., Stäbler, M., Díaz, J. Manuel & Wolff, M. Toward Ecosystem-Based Assessment and Management of Small-Scale and Multi-Gear Fisheries: Insights From the Tropical Eastern Pacific. Frontiers in Marine Science 6, (2019).

Fisheries and Fisheries Management

OA: White, T. D. et al. Predicted hotspots of overlap between highly migratory fishes and industrial fishing fleets in the northeast Pacific. Science Advances 5, eaau3761 (2019).

Fisheries Crime and IUU Fishing

OA: Shirley, E. A. & Gore, M. L. Trust in scientists and rates of noncompliance with a fisheries rule in the Brazilian Pantanal. PLOS ONE 14, e0207973 (2019).

Food for Thought

OA: Weller, R. A. et al. The Challenge of Sustaining Ocean Observations. Frontiers in Marine Science 6, (2019).

OA: Ostrander, C. E., Iwamoto, M. M. & Langenberger, F. An Innovative Approach to Design and Evaluate a Regional Coastal Ocean Observing System. Frontiers in Marine Science 6, (2019).

Local or Traditional Knowledge

OA: Sánchez-Jiménez, A., Fujitani, M., MacMillan, D., Schlüter, A. & Wolff, M. Connecting a Trophic Model and Local Ecological Knowledge to Improve Fisheries Management: The Case of Gulf of Nicoya, Costa Rica. Frontiers in Marine Science 6, (2019).

OA: Berkström, C., Papadopoulos, M., Jiddawi, N. Saleh & Nordlund, L. Mtwana. Fishers’ Local Ecological Knowledge (LEK) on Connectivity and Seascape Management. Frontiers in Marine Science 6, (2019).

Management and Management Effectiveness

OA: Fay, G., DePiper, G., Steinback, S., Gamble, R. J. & Link, J. S. Economic and Ecosystem Effects of Fishing on the Northeast US Shelf. Frontiers in Marine Science 6, (2019).

Monitoring

OA: Bradie, J. et al. A shipboard comparison of analytic methods for ballast water compliance monitoring. Journal of Sea Research 133, 11 - 19 (2018).

Natural Sciences

OA: Penn, J. L., Weber, T., Chang, B. X. & Deutsch, C. Microbial ecosystem dynamics drive fluctuating nitrogen loss in marine anoxic zones. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 201818014 (2019). doi:10.1073/pnas.1818014116

Pollution and Marine Debris

OA: Davis, D. A. et al. Cyanobacterial neurotoxin BMAA and brain pathology in stranded dolphins. PLOS ONE 14, e0213346 (2019).

OA: Beaumont, N. J. et al. Global ecological, social and economic impacts of marine plastic. Marine Pollution Bulletin 142, 189 - 195 (2019).

Remote Sensing and GIS

OA: Williamson, M. J., Tebbs, E. J., Dawson, T. P. & Jacoby, D. M. P. Satellite Remote Sensing in Shark and Ray Ecology, Conservation and Management. Frontiers in Marine Science 6, (2019).