Cetacean sightings within the Great Pacific Garbage Patch

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For the week of 29 April 2019

Greetings OpenChannels Community Members,

Marine Biodiversity has published, Cetacean sightings within the Great Pacific Garbage Patch.

Abstract: "Here, we report cetacean sightings made within a major oceanic accumulation zone for plastics, often referred to as the ‘Great Pacific Garbage Patch’ (GPGP). These cetacean records occurred in October 2016 and were made by sensors and trained observers aboard a Hercules C-130 aircraft surveying the GPGP at 400 m height and 140 knots speed. Four sperm whales (including a mother and calf pair), three beaked whales, two baleen whales, and at least five other cetaceans were observed. Many surface drifting plastics were also detected, including fishing nets, ropes, floats and fragmented debris. Some of these objects were close to the sighted mammals, posing entanglement and ingestion risks to animals using the GPGP as a migration corridor or core habitat. Our study demonstrates the potential exposure of several cetacean species to the high levels of plastic pollution in the area. Further research is required to evaluate the potential effects of the GPGP on marine mammal populations inhabiting the North Pacific."

As always, if we've missed anything, please feel free to let us know. You may simply reply to this message, or you may email Allie directly at: abrown [at] openchannels.org.

You can read everything (not just the free stuff) we have found this week at https://www.openchannels.org/literature-update/2019-05-01.

Additionally, you can browse literature by the week we've added it at https://www.openchannels.org/literature-by-week.

Thank you for being part of the OpenChannels Community,
– Allie Brown, Raye Evrard, and the rest of the OpenChannels Team

Distributions of Species

OA: Gibbs, S. E. et al. Cetacean sightings within the Great Pacific Garbage Patch. Marine Biodiversity (2019). doi:10.1007/s12526-019-00952-0

Ecosystem Services and Uses

OA: Willaert, T. et al. Measuring Vulnerability of Marine and Coastal Habitats’ Potential to Deliver Ecosystem Services: Complex Atlantic Region as Case Study. Frontiers in Marine Science 6, (2019).

Ecosystem-based Management (EBM)

OA: Lombard, A. T. et al. Key Challenges in Advancing an Ecosystem-Based Approach to Marine Spatial Planning Under Economic Growth Imperatives. Frontiers in Marine Science 6, (2019).

Food for Thought

OA: Grorud-Colvert, K. et al. High-profile international commitments for ocean protection: Empty promises or meaningful progress?. Marine Policy 105, 52 - 66 (2019).

OA: Naidoo, R. et al. Evaluating the impacts of protected areas on human well-being across the developing world. Science Advances 5, eaav3006 (2019).

Invasive Species

Preprint: Villaseñor-Derbez, J. Carlos & Fitzgerald, S. Spatial variation in allometric growth of invasive lionfish has management implications. PeerJ 7, e6667 (2019).

Marine Protected Areas (MPAs)

OA: Benedetti, F. et al. The Seasonal and Inter-Annual Fluctuations of Plankton Abundance and Community Structure in a North Atlantic Marine Protected Area. Frontiers in Marine Science 6, (2019).

Marine/Maritime Spatial Planning (MSP)

OA: Walsh, C. & Kannen, A. Planning at Sea: Shifting planning practices at the German North Sea coast. Raumforschung und Raumordnung (2019). doi:10.2478/rara-2019-0020

Monitoring

OA: Przeslawski, R. et al. A Suite of Field Manuals for Marine Sampling to Monitor Australian Waters. Frontiers in Marine Science 6, (2019).

Natural Sciences

OA: Wildermann, N. E., Sasso, C. R., Stokes, L. W., Snodgrass, D. & Fuentes, M. M. P. B. Habitat Use and Behavior of Multiple Species of Marine Turtles at a Foraging Area in the Northeastern Gulf of Mexico. Frontiers in Marine Science 6, (2019).

OA: Jorgensen, S. J. et al. Killer whales redistribute white shark foraging pressure on seals. Scientific Reports 9, (2019).

Pollution and Marine Debris

OA: Tramoy, R. et al. Assessment of the Plastic Inputs From the Seine Basin to the Sea Using Statistical and Field Approaches. Frontiers in Marine Science 6, (2019).

Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)

OA: Arkema, K. K. et al. Integrating fisheries management into sustainable development planning. Ecology and Society 24, (2019).

Tools and Data

OA: Ardhuin, F. et al. Observing Sea States. Frontiers in Marine Science 6, (2019).

OA: Bailey, K. et al. Coastal Mooring Observing Networks and Their Data Products: Recommendations for the Next Decade. Frontiers in Marine Science 6, (2019).