Toward a Common Understanding of Ocean Multi-Use

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For the week of 13 May 2019

Greetings OpenChannels Community Members,

Frontiers in Marine Science has published, Toward a Common Understanding of Ocean Multi-Use.

Abstract: The “open ocean” has become a highly contested space as coastal populations and maritime uses soared in abundance and intensity over the last decades. Changing marine utilization patterns represent a considerable challenge to society and governments. Maritime spatial planning has emerged as one tool to manage conflicts between users and achieve societal goals for the use of marine space; however, single-sector management approaches are too often still the norm. The last decades have seen the rise of a new ocean use concept: the joint “multi-use” of ocean space. This paper aims to explain and refine the concept of ocean multi-use of space by reviewing the development and state of the art of multi-use in Europe and presenting a clear definition and a comprehensive typology for existing multi-use combinations. It builds on the connectivity of uses and users in spatial, temporal, provisional, and functional dimensions as the underlying key characteristic of multi-use dimensions. Combinations of these dimensions yield four distinct types of multi-use with little overlap between them. The diversity of types demonstrates that there is no one-size-fits-all management approach, but rather that adaptive management plans are needed, focusing on achieving the highest societal benefit while minimizing conflicts. This work will help to sharpen, refine and advance the public and academic discourse over marine spatial planning by offering a common framework to planners, researchers and users alike, when discussing multi-use and its management implications.

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– Allie Brown, Raye Evrard, and the rest of the OpenChannels Team

Adaptive Management

OA: Schupp, M. Felix et al. Toward a Common Understanding of Ocean Multi-Use. Frontiers in Marine Science 6, (2019).


OA: Fountain, C. Tyler, Waller, R. G. & Auster, P. J. Individual and Population Level Variation in the Reproductive Potential of Deep-Sea Corals From Different Regions Within the Gulf of Maine. Frontiers in Marine Science 6, (2019).

Distributions of Species

OA: Griffing, D., Christiansen, J., Hollander, J., Carpenter, T. & Larson, S. Decrease in Sightings of Sixgill Sharks, Hexanchus griseus, in Elliott Bay, Seattle, WA, United States, a Comparison Between 2003–2005 and 2008–2015. Frontiers in Marine Science 6, (2019).

OA: Weber, S. C. et al. Habitat Delineation in Highly Variable Marine Environments. Frontiers in Marine Science 6, (2019).

Ecosystem Assessment

OA: Schernewski, G., Paysen, P., Robbe, E., Inácio, M. & Schumacher, J. Ecosystem Service Assessments in Water Policy Implementation: An Analysis in Urban and Rural Estuaries. Frontiers in Marine Science 6, (2019).

Fisheries and Fisheries Management

OA: Russo, T. et al. Trends in Effort and Yield of Trawl Fisheries: A Case Study From the Mediterranean Sea. Frontiers in Marine Science 6, (2019).

OA: Deshpande, P. C., Brattebø, H. & Fet, A. Magerholm. A Method to Extract Fishers’ Knowledge (FK) to Generate Evidence for Sustainable Management of Fishing Gears in Norway. MethodsX (2019). doi:10.1016/j.mex.2019.05.008

Food for Thought

OA: O’Callaghan, J. et al. Developing an Integrated Ocean Observing System for New Zealand. Frontiers in Marine Science 6, (2019).

Marine Protected Areas (MPAs)

OA: Ruiz-Frau, A., Gibbons, J. M., Hinz, H., Edwards-Jones, G. & Kaiser, M. J. Preference classes in society for coastal marine protected areas. PeerJ 7, e6672 (2019).

OA: PJS, J., RH, M. & O, V. Enabling Effective and Equitable Marine Protected Areas – guidance on combining governance approaches. (Ecosystems Division, UN Environment, 2019). 

Women and Gender Equality (SDG 5)

OA: de la Torre-Castro, M. Inclusive Management Through Gender Consideration in Small-Scale Fisheries: The Why and the How. Frontiers in Marine Science 6, (2019).