Bycatch Quotas, Risk Pools, and Cooperation in the Pacific Whiting Fishery

For the week of 14 October 2019

Greetings OpenChannels Community Members,

Frontiers in Marine Science has published, Bycatch Quotas, Risk Pools, and Cooperation in the Pacific Whiting Fishery.

Abstract: The United States Pacific whiting fishery uses mid-water trawl gear to target Pacific whiting off the United States West Coast. The fishery is subject to sector-specific bycatch caps for Chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) and several rockfish species (widow rockfish–Sebastes entomelas, canary rockfish-Sebastes pinniger, darkblotched rockfish–Sebastes crameri, Pacific Ocean Perch (POP)-Sebastes alutus, and yelloweye rockfish-Sebastes ruberrimus). Chinook bycatch can include fish from endangered populations and rockfish stocks were recovering from severe depletion though most are now rebuilt. Catch of these species is rare and uncertain, making it difficult for vessels to meet strict individual performance standards. Consequently the industry has developed risk pools in which bycatch quota for a group of vessels is pooled, but vessels are required to follow practices that minimize bycatch risk including temporal and spatial fishing restrictions. The risk pools also require vessels to share information about bycatch hotspots enabling a cooperative approach to avoid bycatch based on real-time information. In this article we discuss the formation and structure of these risk pools, the bycatch reduction strategies they apply, and outcomes in the fishery in terms of observed bycatch avoidance behavior and utilization of target species. The analysis demonstrates the ability of these fishers to keep bycatch within aggregate limits and keep individual vessels from being tied up due to quota overages.

As always, if we've missed anything, please feel free to let us know. You may simply reply to this message, or you may email Allie directly at: abrown [at]

You can read everything (not just the free stuff) we have found this week at

Additionally, you can browse literature by the week we've added it at

Thank you for being part of the OpenChannels Community,
– Allie Brown, Raye Evrard, and the rest of the OpenChannels Team

Aquaculture, Seafood, and Food Security

OA: Theuerkauf, S. J. et al. A global spatial analysis reveals where marine aquaculture can benefit nature and peoplePLOS ONE 14, e0222282 (2019).

Climate Change, Ocean Acidification, and Ocean Warming

OA: Silver, J. M. et al. Advancing Coastal Risk Reduction Science and Implementation by Accounting for Climate, Ecosystems, and PeopleFrontiers in Marine Science 6, (2019).


OA: Obura, D. O. et al. Coral Reef Monitoring, Reef Assessment Technologies, and Ecosystem-Based ManagementFrontiers in Marine Science 6, (2019).

OA: Oberle, F. K. J. et al. Physicochemical Controls on Zones of Higher Coral Stress Where Black Band Disease Occurs at Mākua Reef, Kaua‘i, Hawai‘iFrontiers in Marine Science 6, (2019).

OA: Carlson, R. R., Foo, S. A. & Asner, G. P. Land Use Impacts on Coral Reef Health: A Ridge-to-Reef PerspectiveFrontiers in Marine Science 6, (2019).

Deep-sea ecosystems and hydrothermal vents

OA: Martini, S., Kuhnz, L., Mallefet, J. & Haddock, S. H. D. Distribution and quantification of bioluminescence as an ecological trait in the deep sea benthosScientific Reports 9, (2019).

Ecosystem-based Management (EBM)

OA: Tam, J. C., Fay, G. & Link, J. S. Better Together: The Uses of Ecological and Socio-Economic Indicators With End-to-End Models in Marine Ecosystem Based ManagementFrontiers in Marine Science 6, (2019).

Fisheries and Fisheries Management

OA: Holland, D. S. & Martin, C. Bycatch Quotas, Risk Pools, and Cooperation in the Pacific Whiting FisheryFrontiers in Marine Science 6, (2019).

OA: Russo, T. et al. Simulating the Effects of Alternative Management Measures of Trawl Fisheries in the Central Mediterranean Sea: Application of a Multi-Species Bio-economic Modeling ApproachFrontiers in Marine Science 6,(2019).

Local or Traditional Knowledge

OA: Hemmerling, S. A. et al. Elevating local knowledge through participatory modeling: active community engagement in restoration planning in coastal LouisianaJournal of Geographical Systems (2019). doi:10.1007/s10109-019-00313-2

Marine Protected Areas (MPAs)

OA: Brooks, C. M., Epstein, G. & Ban, N. C. Managing Marine Protected Areas in Remote Areas: The Case of the Subantarctic Heard and McDonald IslandsFrontiers in Marine Science 6, (2019).

OA: Olson, J. C., Appeldoorn, R. S., Schärer-Umpierre, M. T. & Cruz-Motta, J. J. Recovery when you are on your own: Slow population responses in an isolated marine reservePLOS ONE 14, e0223102 (2019).


OA: Beckler, J. S. et al. Coastal Harmful Algae Bloom Monitoring via a Sustainable, Sail-Powered Mobile PlatformFrontiers in Marine Science 6,(2019).

OA: Farcy, P. et al. Toward a European Coastal Observing Network to Provide Better Answers to Science and to Societal Challenges; The JERICO Research InfrastructureFrontiers in Marine Science 6, (2019).

Natural Sciences

OA: Beal, A. P., Kiszka, J. J., Wells, R. S. & Eirin-Lopez, J. M. The Bottlenose Dolphin Epigenetic Aging Tool (BEAT): A Molecular Age Estimation Tool for Small CetaceansFrontiers in Marine Science 6, (2019).

Pollution and Marine Debris

OA: Jia, L., Evans, S. & van der Linden, S. Motivating actions to mitigate plastic pollutionNature Communications 10, (2019).

Risk Assessment

OA: Hodgson, E. E. et al. Integrated Risk Assessment for the Blue EconomyFrontiers in Marine Science 6, (2019).

Sea-level Rise, Coastal Flooding, and Storm Events

OA: Orejarena-Rondón, A. F. et al. Coastal Impacts Driven by Sea-Level Rise in Cartagena de IndiasFrontiers in Marine Science 6, (2019).

Small-scale Fisheries

OA: Roditi, K. & Vafidis, D. Net Fisheries’ Métiers in the Eastern Mediterranean: Insights for Small-Scale Fishery Management on Kalymnos IslandWater 11,1509 (2019).

Vessel Traffic and Tracking, Shipping, and Ports

OA: Gende, S. M. et al. Active Whale Avoidance by Large Ships: Components and Constraints of a Complementary Approach to Reducing Ship Strike RiskFrontiers in Marine Science 6, (2019).