A decision-making framework to reduce the risk of collisions between ships and whales

For the week of 21 October 2019

Greetings OpenChannels Community Members,

Marine Policy has published, A decision-making framework to reduce the risk of collisions between ships and whales.

Abstract: Ship strikes are one of the main human-induced threats to whale survival. A variety of measures have been used or proposed to reduce collisions and subsequent mortality of whales. These include operational measures, such as mandatory speed reduction, or technical ones, such as detection tools. There is, however, a lack of a systematic approach to assessing the various measures that can mitigate the risk of ship collisions with whales. In this paper, a holistic approach is proposed to evaluate mitigation measures based on a risk assessment framework that has been adopted by the International Maritime Organization (IMO), namely the Formal Safety Assessment (FSA). Formal Safety Assessment (FSA) is “a rational and systematic process for assessing the risk related to maritime safety and the protection of the marine environment and for evaluating the costs and benefits of IMO's options for reducing these risks”. The paper conceptualizes the use of a systematic risk assessment methodology, namely the FSA, to assess measures to reduce the risk of collisions between ships and whales.

As always, if we've missed anything, please feel free to let us know. You may simply reply to this message, or you may email Allie directly at: allie [at] octogroup.org.

You can read everything (not just the free stuff) we have found this week at https://www.openchannels.org/literature-update/2019-10-23.

Additionally, you can browse literature by the week we've added it at https://www.openchannels.org/literature-by-week.

Thank you for being part of the OpenChannels Community,
– Allie Brown, Raye Evrard, and the rest of the OpenChannels Team

Citizen Science and Crowdsourcing

OA: Earp, H. S. & Liconti, A. YOUMARES 9 - The Oceans: Our Research, Our Future: Proceedings of the 2018 conference for YOUng MArine RESearcher in Oldenburg, Germany. 1 - 19 (Springer International Publishing, 2019). doi:10.1007/978-3-030-20389-4_1

Climate Change, Ocean Acidification, and Ocean Warming

OA: Cavanaugh, K. C. et al. Climate-driven regime shifts in a mangrove–salt marsh ecotone over the past 250 yearsProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 116, 21602 - 21608 (2019).


OA: Beatty, D. S. et al. Variable effects of local management on coral defenses against a thermally regulated bleaching pathogenScience Advances 5,eaay1048 (2019).


OA: Sèbe, M., Kontovas, C. A. & Pendleton, L. A decision-making framework to reduce the risk of collisions between ships and whalesMarine Policy 109,103697 (2019).


OA: Kubo, T. et al. Mobile phone network data reveal nationwide economic value of coastal tourism under climate changeTourism Management 77,104010 (2020).

Fisheries and Fisheries Management

OA: Muñoz, P. Durán, Sacau, M., García-Alegre, A. & Román, E. Cold-water corals and deep-sea sponges by-catch mitigation: Dealing with groundfish survey data in the management of the northwest Atlantic Ocean high seas fisheriesMarine Policy 103712 (In Press). doi:10.1016/j.marpol.2019.103712

Marine Protected Areas (MPAs)

OA: Olson, A. M., Trebilco, R. & Salomon, A. K. Expanded consumer niche widths may signal an early response to spatial protectionPLOS ONE 14,e0223748 (2019).

Marine/Maritime Spatial Planning (MSP)

Preprint: Clarke, J. & Flannery, W. The post-political nature of marine spatial planning and modalities for its re-politicisationJournal of Environmental Policy & Planning 1 - 14 (2019). doi:10.1080/1523908X.2019.1680276

OA: Dunn, D. C. et al. The importance of migratory connectivity for global ocean policyProceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 286,20191472 (2019).

Pollution and Marine Debris

OA: van Emmerik, T. et al. Seine Plastic Debris Transport Tenfolded During Increased River DischargeFrontiers in Marine Science 6, (2019).

Tools and Data

OA: Nowlin, M. B., Roady, S. E., Newton, E. & Johnston, D. W. Applying Unoccupied Aircraft Systems to Study Human Behavior in Marine Science and Conservation ProgramsFrontiers in Marine Science 6, (2019).