Implications of climate change to the design of protected areas

For the week of 08 July 2019

Greetings OpenChannels Community Members,

PLOS ONE published, Implications of climate change to the design of protected areas: The case study of small islands (Azores).

Abstract: Climate change is causing shifts in species distributions worldwide. Understanding how species distributions will change with future climate change is thus critical for conservation planning. Impacts on oceanic islands are potentially major given the disproportionate number of endemic species and the consequent risk that local extinctions might become global ones. In this study, we use species climate envelope models to evaluate the current and future potential distributions of Azorean endemic species of bryophytes, vascular plants, and arthropods on the Islands of Terceira and São Miguel in the Azores archipelago (Macaronesia). We examined projections of climate change effects on the future distributions of species with particular focus on the current protected areas. We then used spatial planning optimization software (PRION) to evaluate the effectiveness of protected areas at preserving species both in the present and future. We found that contractions of species distributions in protected areas are more likely in the largest and most populated island of São Miguel, moving from the coastal areas towards inland where the current protected areas are insufficient and inadequate to tackle species distribution shifts. There will be the need for a revision of the current protected areas in São Miguel to allow the sustainable conservation of most species, while in Terceira Island the current protected areas appear to be sufficient. Our study demonstrates the importance of these tools for informing long-term climate change adaptation planning for small islands.

As always, if we've missed anything, please feel free to let us know. You may simply reply to this message, or you may email Allie directly at: abrown [at]

You can read everything (not just the free stuff) we have found this week at

Additionally, you can browse literature by the week we've added it at

Thank you for being part of the OpenChannels Community,
– Allie Brown, Raye Evrard, and the rest of the OpenChannels Team

Citizen Science and Crowdsourcing

OA: Langenkämper, D., Simon-Lledó, E., Hosking, B., Jones, D. O. B. & Nattkemper, T. W. On the impact of Citizen Science-derived data quality on deep learning based classification in marine imagesPLOS ONE 14, e0218086 (2019).

Climate Change, Ocean Acidification, and Ocean Warming

OA: Slesinger, E. et al. The effect of ocean warming on black sea bass (Centropristis striata) aerobic scope and hypoxia tolerancePLOS ONE 14,e0218390 (2019).

OA: Ferreira, M. Teresa et al. Implications of climate change to the design of protected areas: The case study of small islands (Azores)PLOS ONE 14,e0218168 (2019).

Ecosystem-based Management (EBM)

OA: Guo, C. et al. Ecosystem-based reference points under varying plankton productivity states and fisheries management strategiesICES Journal of Marine Science (2019). doi:10.1093/icesjms/fsz120

Fisheries and Fisheries Management

OA: Woodworth-Jefcoats, P. A., Blanchard, J. L. & Drazen, J. C. Relative Impacts of Simultaneous Stressors on a Pelagic Marine EcosystemFrontiers in Marine Science 6, (2019).

OA: Vermeij, M. J. A. et al. Historical changes (1905-present) in catch size and composition reflect altering fisheries practices on a small Caribbean islandPLOS ONE 14, e0217589 (2019).

Human Impacts on the Environment

OA: Hayashi, S. N., Souza-Filho, P. Walfir M., Nascimento, W. R. & Fernandes, M. E. B. The effect of anthropogenic drivers on spatial patterns of mangrove land use on the Amazon coastPLOS ONE 14, e0217754 (2019).

Marine/Maritime Spatial Planning (MSP)

OA: Morf, A. et al. Towards sustainability of marine governance: Challenges and enablers for stakeholder integration in transboundary marine spatial planning in the Baltic SeaOcean & Coastal Management 177, 200 - 212 (2019).

OA: Bieda, A., Adamczyk, T. & Parzych, P. Maritime Spatial Planning in the European Union on the Example of the Polish Part of the Baltic SeaWater 11,555 (2019).


OA: J. Duffy, E. et al. Toward a Coordinated Global Observing System for Seagrasses and Marine MacroalgaeFrontiers in Marine Science 6, (2019).

Recreational Fisheries

Preprint: McNeill, A., Clifton, J. & Harvey, E. S. Specialised recreational fishers reject sanctuary zones and favour fisheries managementMarine Policy 107,103592 (2019).

Tools and Data

OA: Novaczek, E., Devillers, R. & Edinger, E. Generating higher resolution regional seafloor maps from crowd-sourced bathymetryPLOS ONE 14,e0216792 (2019).