Stepping Out of the Ivory Tower for Ocean Literacy

For the week of 18 March 2019

Greetings OpenChannels Community Members,

Frontiers in Marine Science has published, Stepping Out of the Ivory Tower for Ocean Literacy, "The Ocean Literacy movement is predominantly driven forward by scientists and educators working in subject areas associated with ocean science. While some in the scientific community have heeded the responsibility to communicate with the general public to increase scientific literacy, reaching and engaging with diverse audiences remains a challenge. Many academic institutions, research centers, and individual scientists use social network sites (SNS) like Twitter to not only promote conferences, journal publications, and scientific reports, but to disseminate resources and information that have the potential to increase the scientific literacy of diverse audiences. As more people turn to social media for news and information, SNSs like Twitter have a great potential to increase ocean literacy, so long as disseminators understand the best practices and limitations of SNS communication. This study analyzed the Twitter account of MaREI – Ireland’s Centre for Marine and Renewable Energy – coordinated by University College Cork Ireland, as a case study. We looked specifically at posts related to ocean literacy to determine what types of audiences are being engaged and what factors need to be considered to increase engagement with intended audiences. Two main findings are presented in this paper. First, we present overall user retweet frequency as a function of post characteristics, highlighting features significant in influencing users’ retweet behavior. Second, we separate users into two types – INREACH and OUTREACH – and identify post characteristics that are statistically relevant in increasing the probability of engaging with an OUTREACH user. The results of this study provide novel insight into the ways in which science-based Twitter users can better use the platform as a vector for science communication and outreach".

As always, if we've missed anything, please feel free to let us know. You may simply reply to this message, or you may email Allie directly at: abrown [at]

You can read everything (not just the free stuff) we have found this week at Additionally, you can browse literature by the week we've added it at

Thank you for being part of the OpenChannels Community,
– Allie Brown, Raye Evrard, and the rest of the OpenChannels Team


OA: McQuatters-Gollop, A. et al. From Science to Evidence – How Biodiversity Indicators Can Be Used for Effective Marine Conservation Policy and Management. Frontiers in Marine Science 6,(2019).


Preprint: Somers, K. A., Pfeiffer, L., Miller, S. & Morrison, W. Using Incentives to Reduce Bycatch and Discarding: Results Under the West Coast Catch Share Program. Coastal Management46, 621 - 637 (2018).

Climate Change, Ocean Acidification, and Ocean Warming

OA: Bach, L. T. et al. Effects of Elevated CO2 on a Natural Diatom Community in the Subtropical NE Atlantic. Frontiers in Marine Science 6, (2019).

Communication and Education

OA: Kopke, K., Black, J. & Dozier, A. Stepping Out of the Ivory Tower for Ocean Literacy. Frontiers in Marine Science 6, (2019).

Ecosystem Services and Uses

OA: Ryfield, F., Cabana, D., Brannigan, J. & Crowe, T. Conceptualizing ‘sense of place’ in cultural ecosystem services: A framework for interdisciplinary research. Ecosystem Services 36, 100907 (2019).

Fisheries and Fisheries Management

OA: Merder, J. et al. Density-dependent growth in ‘catch-and-wait’ fisheries has implications for fisheries management and Marine Protected Areas. Ambio (2019). doi:10.1007/s13280-019-01158-1

Governance and Legal Frameworks

OA: Popova, E. et al. Ecological connectivity between the areas beyond national jurisdiction and coastal waters: Safeguarding interests of coastal communities in developing countries. Marine Policy 104, 90 - 102 (2019).

Marine/Maritime Spatial Planning (MSP)

OA: Abspoel, L. et al. Communicating Maritime Spatial Planning: The MSP Challenge approach. Marine Policy (In Press). doi:10.1016/j.marpol.2019.02.057

Natural Sciences

OA: Borbor-Cordova, M. J. et al. Oceanography of Harmful Algal Blooms on the Ecuadorian Coast (1997–2017): Integrating Remote Sensing and Biological Data. Frontiers in Marine Science 6,(2019).

OA: Heidemann, H. & Ribbe, J. Marine Heat Waves and the Influence of El Niño off Southeast Queensland, Australia. Frontiers in Marine Science 6, (2019).


OA: Chung, A. E. et al. Building Coral Reef Resilience Through Spatial Herbivore Management. Frontiers in Marine Science 6, (2019).


OA: Paulo, D. et al. Open Coast Seagrass Restoration. Can We Do It? Large Scale Seagrass Transplants. Frontiers in Marine Science 6, (2019).

OA: Gobler, C. J. et al. Accidental ecosystem restoration? Assessing the estuary-wide impacts of a new ocean inlet created by Hurricane Sandy. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science (In Press). doi:10.1016/j.ecss.2019.02.040

Tools and Data

OA: Skubel, R. A., Shriver-Rice, M. & Maranto, G. M. Introducing Relational Values as a Tool for Shark Conservation, Science, and Management. Frontiers in Marine Science 6, (2019).

OA: Moore, A. M. et al. Synthesis of Ocean Observations Using Data Assimilation for Operational, Real-Time and Reanalysis Systems: A More Complete Picture of the State of the Ocean. Frontiers in Marine Science 6, (2019).