Climate-related drivers of change – such as ocean warming, acidification, and deoxygenation – will alter ocean conditions and lead to changes in marine ecosystem structure and functioning, as well as the redistribution of the services that the oceans provide (see Figure 1). As a consequence, human uses that rely on these services – fisheries, aquaculture, and tourism for example – will also undergo spatial and temporal changes at multiple scales. These changes will include local increases and decreases in intensity of uses and relocation of uses. Marine spatial planning (MSP) informs the distribution of ocean uses in space and time, and it will undoubtedly be affected by climate change at all scales ranging from global to local.
MEAM & MPA News
- World on track to reach 1.5°C warming by 2030-2052
- Morocco and Gambia only countries meeting Paris climate goals
- Oceans may be retaining more heat than previously estimated
- Study assesses potential for ocean-based measures to counter climate change (policy brief also available)
- European Parliament approves ban on single-use plastics
- Plastic creating new habitats and promoting invasibility of the deep sea
- Guidance for addressing land-sea interactions in MSP available
- New policy brief on implementing ecosystem-based approach in MSP available
- New tool provides free access to management-relevant ocean data
- Report compares costs and capabilities of marine monitoring techniques
- New database documents effectiveness of green infrastructure
- Materials for integrated coastal management training course available
- User guide created for EU MSP Platform
Creating a new marine management or conservation plan? You can learn what others have done in the past – build on their research and experiences and avoid making the same mistakes – using the new Conservation Planning Database. The database has just been launched with 163 peer-reviewed papers on 155 marine systematic conservation planning exercises worldwide. The database can help planners find relevant conservation plans from all over the world including their local area, help scientists study trends in conservation planning, and help donors and NGOs identify regions where little conservation planning has been done.
Following the October 2018 article on marine ecosystem restoration, MEAM also had the opportunity to interview Rohani Ambo-Rappe, a lecturer at Hasanuddin University in Makassar, South Sulawesi, Indonesia. She shared her experiences and advice from her work on seagrass restoration in the region. She can be contacted at rohani.amborappe [at] gmail.com for further information.
By Rachel Jones
On 11 September 2018 the Bertarelli Foundation hosted its first Marine Science Symposium at the Royal Geographical Society in London. The event was a showcase for the first full year of activities in the Bertarelli Programme in Marine Science – a program that focuses entirely on the 644,000-km2 British Indian Ocean Territory (BIOT) marine protected area, which includes the Chagos Archipelago.
By Anne Nelson and the IMPACT team
Our IMPACT training team has spent a lot of time lately on building capacity for good governance. Good governance may be viewed as applying a set of internationally accepted principles for governing protected areas. These include equity, inclusivity, accountability, efficiency, responsiveness, transparency, and more.1 MPAs that effectively apply these good governance principles can have sustained support and resiliency, and can meet multiple community and conservation goals.
These recent articles or preprints on MPA-related science and policy are all free to access.
Preprint: Voyer, M., et al. Shades of blue: what do competing interpretations of the Blue Economy mean for oceans governance? Journal of Environmental Policy & Planning 20, 595 - 616 (2018).
Commercial fishing moratorium in central Arctic Ocean is signed
Eight nations met in Greenland in October to sign a historic formal agreement, first announced in November 2017, that bans commercial fishing across much of the Arctic for the next 16 years.
Marine ecosystem restoration – such as reconstructing saltmarshes that have been lost to human development, replanting coastal mangrove forests that have been degraded, and enhancing the structural complexity of damaged reefs – is an emerging field that seeks to move ecosystems to healthier states, often with the goal of increasing their ability to provide ecosystem services.
- First round of UN treaty negotiations on high seas biodiversity wraps up (read more here and here)
- Marine protection plan presented to Bahamian government for review and approval
- Ireland reaches first milestone in MSP process, publishing report on all marine activity
- European Commission finds EU has made some progress - but not enough - on reducing pressures on marine environment
- New database allows users to find and compare conservation plans from around the world
- Resources available for teaching about ocean planning to secondary/post-secondary classrooms
- 35 percent of wetlands lost between 1970 and 2015
- Jamaica bans single use plastic bags and straws by 2019
- Training helps US communities calculate nuisance flooding frequency
- New guidance helps US practitioners incorporate habitat protection and restoration into flood mitigation activities
- Indicators developed to assess ecological resilience of five Gulf of Mexico ecosystems
- Take a survey on critical research gaps for EBM implementation in US
- Apply for a free Saildrone data mission by December 31
- European Commission calls for MSP proposals by October 23
- One Planet – One Ocean: From Science to Solutions MOOC underway – registration still available