MEAM and MPA News
There is perhaps no topic of greater interest to the MPA field than financing. A search through the MPA News archives reveals that over the years we have covered the subject dozens of times — from how to diversify funding streams, to starting successful endowments, to building strong fundraising programs, and much more.
There are some excellent publications available to guide protected areas in developing new revenue streams, including IUCN’s Sustainable Financing of Protected Areas, several reports by the Conservation Finance Alliance, and more. (Following this article, this issue of MPA News contains a library of resources on conservation financing.)
But implementing new revenue strategies based simply on guidelines from a report may not always be easy. This is particularly the case if your management team does not already have a background in business or financing. In this situation, having a partner institution to serve as an experienced guide can be a great help in diversifying revenues successfully.
The first workshop to implement a new tool for conservation — Important Marine Mammal Areas, or IMMAs — was held in Chania, Greece, from 24-28 October. The workshop was organized by the IUCN WCPA-SSC Marine Mammal Protected Areas Task Force, which devised IMMAs to represent the priority sites for marine mammal conservation worldwide.
Although IMMAs are not necessarily protected areas, they could inform a variety of conservation outcomes, including the siting of MPAs, creation of directives on shipping or underwater noise, and increased monitoring.
By Angelique M. Songco, Tubbataha Reefs Natural Park (adapted by MPA News)
The Tubbataha Reefs Natural Park (TRNP) Act showcases the successful management of a remote no-take reserve in the Philippines. The formulation of policies for TRNP involved multiple consultations with a cross-section of society, from village to national level. The consultative process ensured that the impacted communities and stakeholders were able to shape the contours of the law, thereby embedding fairness in rule-making and inspiring voluntary compliance.
Mexico designates three marine biosphere reserves
On 5 December the Mexican Government designated three new marine biosphere reserves totaling more than 647,000 km2. All three sites are multiple-use, with some zones that are strictly protected and others that are sustainably managed:
Alongside the recent presidential election in the US and the Brexit vote affecting the EU, there have been numerous other transitions of political power – peaceful and violent - worldwide this year. Each is a reminder that political time scales - and the changes in regulatory priorities that come with them - do not always match the time scales needed to conduct EBM effectively. A number of MEAM readers and other management and conservation practitioners shared their experiences and insights on how these transitions have affected and will affect their work to address long-term ocean problems. We welcome you to share your own experiences, insights, and concerns in our Comments sections as well.
Sarah Carr, editor of MEAM, and Robert Olson, senior fellow at the Institute for Alternative Futures, discuss ways to help sustain long-term work to address ocean problems.
A number of MEAM readers, EBM Tools Network members, and other marine conservation and management practitioners provided additional perspectives on how recent events are influencing their work. They also described ways they thought practitioners could sustain progress towards long-term solutions to ocean problems despite the limitations of short-term government mandates and budgets.