OpenChannels Literature Update Archives

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Benefits and risks of diversification for individual fishers

For the week of 18 September 2017

Greetings OpenChannels Community Members,

PNAS has published, Benefits and risks of diversification for individual fishers. "Here, we evaluate two axes by which fishers in Alaska can diversify fishing activities. [...] Our results demonstrate that the most effective option for individuals to decrease revenue variability is to participate in additional or more diverse fisheries. However, this option is expensive, often limited by regulations such as catch share programs, and consequently unavailable to many individuals."

As always, if we've missed anything, please feel free to let us know. You may simply reply to this message, or you may email Allie directly at abrown [at] openchannels.org.

Estimated cost to rent or purchase all pay-walled articles included in this issue from their respective publishers: US $506.85.

P.S. This is a friendly reminder that starting November 1, we will no longer include closed (e.g. pay-walled with no preprint and grey-OA) articles in these updates. For full details, see the notice in the Literature Update from the week of September 11.

Happy reading,
-Allie Brown & Nick Wehner

A risk-based approach to cumulative effect assessments for marine management

For the week of 11 September 2017

Greetings OpenChannels Community Members,

Science of The Total Environment has published, A risk-based approach to cumulative effect assessments for marine management. "We show that a risk-based approach to [cumulative effect assessments] decreases complexity, allows for the transparent treatment of uncertainty and streamlines the uptake of scientific outcomes into the science-policy interface. Hence, its adoption can help bridging the gap between science and decision-making in ecosystem-based management."

As always, if we've missed anything, please feel free to let us know. You may simply reply to this message, or you may email Allie directly at abrown [at] openchannels.org.

Estimated cost to rent or purchase all pay-walled articles included in this issue from their respective publishers: US $578.45.

Measuring MPAs in Continental North America: How Well Protected Are the Ocean Estates of Canada, Mexico, & USA?

For the week of 4 September 2017

Greetings OpenChannels Community Members,

Frontiers in Marine Science has published, Measuring MPAs in Continental North America: How Well Protected Are the Ocean Estates of Canada, Mexico, and the USA? "Results show that many North American MPAs are incompletely implemented and therefore currently fail to provide adequate protection. The inclusion of such sites in official government statistics can inflate the perception of how much, and how well, the ocean is protected. We outline some of the major challenges to MPA establishment in each country and offer recommendations to increase the number and effectiveness of MPAs in North America."

As always, if we've missed anything, please feel free to let us know. You may simply reply to this message, or you may email Allie directly at abrown [at] openchannels.org.

Estimated cost to rent or purchase all pay-walled articles included in this issue from their respective publishers: US $353.75.

P.S. We have updated stats to share with you all on the importance of having your work freely-available in this field. We analyzed over 800 papers shared over the last 6 months in this newsletter to see what gets read, and more importantly, what doesn't. The takeaway: Freely-available papers are read twice as much as pay-walled papers, on average over this time frame. If you want your work to be used and/or cited, the first step is getting people to read it – and you can double your readership (at least in our circles) by making your work freely-available to everyone. More to come in future updates! In the meantime, if you want more information on free ways to make your work accessible, you can read our blog.

Happy reading,
-Allie Brown & Nick Wehner

A global snapshot of marine biodiversity offsetting policy

For the week of 28 August 2017

Greetings OpenChannels Community Members,

Marine Policy has published, A global snapshot of marine biodiversity offsetting policy. "This paper presents a systematic review of documents evidencing the application or inclusion of biodiversity offset principles in policy frameworks concerning the marine environment, and in marine development projects. Biodiversity offsetting policies applicable to marine environments were found to exist in six countries (US, Canada, Australia, France, Germany, Colombia) and have been actively considered in at least 27 others. Outside of these, a wide range of other approaches promoting uptake of biodiversity offsetting principles in a marine context were identified."

As always, if we've missed anything, please feel free to let us know. You may simply reply to this message, or you may email Allie directly at abrown [at] openchannels.org.

Estimated cost to rent or purchase all pay-walled articles included in this issue from their respective publishers: US $856.25.

P.S. We have some exciting news: starting October 1st, we'll be working to launch a preprint service for marine conservation and marine climate science research. MarXiv (rhymes with "archive") will help expand access to scientific discoveries beyond academic institutions with the means to pay for costly journal subscriptions. As some of you may have seen on Twitter, initial data analysis from this newsletter shows that freely-available papers (either via Open Access licenses or preprints) get 2-3 times the readership of pay-walled papers, on average. This should come as no surprise as the vast majority of you reading this do not have free access to subscription journals or databases. We are very thankful to the David and Lucille Packard Foundation for supporting this effort, and we are very excited to have the opportunity to help you get access to the research you need to help protect our oceans. We'll be sure to update you all as the project moves forward.

Happy reading,
-Allie Brown & Nick Wehner

Exploring stakeholder perceptions of marine management in Bermuda

For the week of 21 August 2017

Greetings OpenChannels Community Members,

Marine Policy has published, Exploring stakeholder perceptions of marine management in Bermuda. "Overall, the results indicate a high degree of support for spatial planning and ocean zoning and a high level of concordance even among stakeholder groups that are typically assumed to have conflicting agendas. However, attitudes were not entirely homogeneous, particularly when delving into details about specific management changes. For example, commercial fishers were generally less in favor, relative to other stakeholder groups, of increasing regulations on ocean uses with the notable exception of regulations for recreational fishing."

As always, if we've missed anything, please feel free to let us know. You may simply reply to this message, or you may email Allie directly at abrown [at] openchannels.org.

Estimated cost to rent or purchase all pay-walled articles included in this issue from their respective publishers: US $449.05.

Happy reading,
-Allie Brown & Nick Wehner

Community- and government-managed marine protected areas increase fish size, biomass and potential value

For the week of 14 August 2017

Greetings OpenChannels Community Members,

PLOS ONE has published, Community- and government-managed marine protected areas increase fish size, biomass and potential value. "We also assessed protection effects on the potential monetary value of fish; a variable that increases non-linearly with fish body mass and is particularly important from a fishery perspective. We found that two recently established community MPAs (< 1 km2 in size, ≤ 5 years of protection) harbored larger fish and greater total fish biomass than two fished (open access) areas, in both seagrass beds and coral reefs. As expected, protection effects were considerably stronger in the older and larger government MPAs."

As always, if we've missed anything, please feel free to let us know. You may simply reply to this message, or you may email Allie directly at abrown [at] openchannels.org.

Estimated cost to rent or purchase all pay-walled articles included in this issue from their respective publishers: US $378.20.

Happy reading,
-Allie Brown & Nick Wehner

Uncovering the hidden blue economy in coral reef fisheries

For the week of 7 August 2017

Greetings OpenChannels Community Members,

PLOS ONE has published, Follow that fish: Uncovering the hidden blue economy in coral reef fisheries. "We assess the value chain for nearshore Hawaiian coral reef fisheries, mapping post-catch distribution and disposition, and quantifying associated monetary, food security, and cultural values. We estimate that the total annual value of the nearshore fishery in Hawaiʻi is $10.3-$16.4 million, composed of non-commercial ($7.2-$12.9 million) and commercial ($2.97 million licensed + $148,500-$445,500 unlicensed) catch. Hawaii’s nearshore fisheries provide >7 million meals annually, with most (>5 million) from the non-commercial sector."

As always, if we've missed anything, please feel free to let us know. You may simply reply to this message, or you may email Allie directly at abrown [at] openchannels.org.

Estimated cost to rent or purchase all pay-walled articles included in this issue from their respective publishers: US $753.49.

Happy reading,
-Allie Brown & Nick Wehner

Integrated planning that safeguards ecosystems and balances multiple objectives in coastal Belize

For the week of 31 July 2017

Greetings OpenChannels Community Members,

International Journal of Biodiversity Science, Ecosystem Services & Management has published, Integrated planning that safeguards ecosystems and balances multiple objectives in coastal Belize. "We assessed risk to three coastal-marine habitats posed by eight human uses and quantified current and future delivery of three ecosystem services: protection from storms, catch and revenue from lobster fishing, and tourism expenditures to identify a preferred zoning scheme. We found that a highly adaptive team of planners, scientists, and analysts can overcome common planning obstacles, including a dearth of data describing the health of the coastal zone and the many uses it supports, complicated legal and political landscapes, and limited in-country technical capacity."

As always, if we've missed anything, please feel free to let us know. You may simply reply to this message, or you may email Allie directly at abrown [at] openchannels.org.

Estimated cost to rent or purchase all pay-walled articles included in this issue from their respective publishers: US $719.35.

P.S.: Last week, we found Oxford Press (which publishes ICES Journal of Marine Science, among many other journals) was charging $42 for an Open Access paper. If you pay a publisher to make your paper OA, definitely double-check you're getting what you paid for! If any of you paid to get a copy of Making space for shellfish farming along the Adriatic coast featured in last week's update, do make sure you get your money back from Oxford Press. Evidently Oxford Press has a history of charging for OA papers, which you can read about at Paywall Watch. If you have published with Oxford Press/ICES and had similar issues, Nick would love to hear from you. You can email him at nwehner [at] openchannels.org.

Happy reading,
-Allie Brown & Nick Wehner

When ecosystems and their services are not co-located: oceans and coasts

For the week of 24 July 2017

Greetings OpenChannels Community Members,

ICES Journal of Marine Science has published, When ecosystems and their services are not co-located: oceans and coasts. "In this article, we elaborate on the concept of “extra-local” ES to refer to those ES generating benefits that are enjoyed far from the providing ecosystem, focusing on the marine environment. We emphasize the spatial dimension of the different components of the ES provision framework and apply the proposed conceptual framework to food provision and climate regulation ES provided by marine and coastal ecosystems. We present the different extents of the mapping outputs generated by the ecosystem-based vs. the extra-local mapping approach and discuss practical and conceptual challenges of the approach."

As always, if we've missed anything, please feel free to let us know. You may simply reply to this message, or you may email Allie directly at abrown [at] openchannels.org.

Estimated cost to rent or purchase all pay-walled articles included in this issue from their respective publishers: US $945.32.

Happy reading,
-Allie Brown & Nick Wehner

Assessing Marine Protected Areas Effectiveness: A Case Study with the Tobago Cays Marine Park

For the week of 17 July 2017

Greetings OpenChannels Community Members,

Open Journal of Marine Science has published, Assessing Marine Protected Areas Effectiveness: A Case Study with the Tobago Cays Marine Park (TCMP). "By comparing the performance of the MPA over a 10-year span (2007 and 2016), the results indicate that overall, the TCMP could be described as having limited success when key management categories of context, planning, input, process, output and outcomes are evaluated. In particular, efforts dedicated to planning, process and outcomes are assessed as deficient. Furthermore, the analysis revealed that efforts to realize the stated goals relating to conservation, public awareness and public education were being neglected."

As always, if we've missed anything, please feel free to let us know. You may simply reply to this message, or you may email Allie directly at abrown [at] openchannels.org.

Estimated cost to rent or purchase all pay-walled articles included in this issue from their respective publishers: US $1,108.70.

Happy reading,
-Allie Brown & Nick Wehner

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