OpenChannels Literature Update Archives

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Rapid emergence of climate change in environmental drivers of marine ecosystems

For the week of 13 March 2017

Greetings OpenChannels Community Members,

Nature Communications has published a new paper, Rapid emergence of climate change in environmental drivers of marine ecosystems. "Here we address the question of how rapidly multiple drivers of marine ecosystem change develop in the future ocean. By analysing an ensemble of models we find that, within the next 15 years, the climate change-driven trends in multiple ecosystem drivers emerge from the background of natural variability in 55% of the ocean and propagate rapidly to encompass 86% of the ocean by 2050 under a ‘business-as-usual’ scenario."

As always, if we've missed anything, please feel free to let us know. You may simply reply to this message, or you may email Allie directly at abrown [at] openchannels.org.

Estimated cost to rent or purchase all pay-walled articles included in this issue from their respective publishers: US $823.00.

Happy reading,
-Nick Wehner & Allie Brown

Designing coastal conservation to deliver ecosystem and human well-being benefits

For the week of 6 March 2017

Greetings OpenChannels Community Members,

PLOS ONE has published a new paper, Designing coastal conservation to deliver ecosystem and human well-being benefits. The authors used the western Lake Erie basin as a test-case "to develop a spatially-explicit conservation plan that identifies the most efficient locations for conservation actions to meet ecological goals while sustaining or enhancing human well-being values". Interestingly, they found "most concentrated areas of importance also are centered on lands that are already conserved, reflecting the lower costs and higher benefits of enlarging these conserved areas rather than conserving isolated, dispersed areas."

Also, we missed this when it came out in November, but for those of you in the data-portal business, be sure to check out: Best Practice Guide to Engage your Coastal Web Atlas User Community.

As always, if we've missed anything, please feel free to let us know. You may simply reply to this message, or you may email Allie directly at abrown [at] openchannels.org.

Estimated cost to rent or purchase all pay-walled articles included in this issue from their respective publishers: US $489.15.

Happy reading,
-Nick Wehner & Allie Brown

Methods for calculating Protection Equality for conservation planning

For the week of 27 February 2017

Greetings OpenChannels Community Members,

PLOS ONE has published a new paper, Methods for calculating Protection Equality for conservation planning. The authors "illustrate the [Protection Equality] metrics with two case studies: coral reef protection across countries and ecoregions in the Coral Triangle, and representation of ecoregions of six of the largest countries in the world. Our results provide repeatable transparency to the issue of representation in [Protected Area] networks and provide a starting point for further discussion, evaluation and testing of representation metrics."

As always, if we've missed anything, please feel free to let us know. You may simply reply to this message, or you may email Allie directly at abrown [at] openchannels.org.

Estimated cost to rent or purchase all pay-walled articles included in this issue from their respective publishers: US $468.50. Please note that Marine Ecology Progress Series (MEPS) does not allow individual articles to be purchased; it requires a €4,955 annual subscription which was not inlcuded in our calculation.

Happy reading,
-Nick Wehner & Allie Brown

The Sunken Billions Revisited: Progress and Challenges in Global Marine Fisheries

For the week of 20 February 2017

Greetings OpenChannels Community Members,

First off, I have two important announcements to make:

1) I'm pleased to say we have a new addition to the OpenChannels Team, Allie Brown. You can thank Allie for finding and sharing the bulk of the content on OpenChannels these days. If there's any information you want to be sure gets shared, please feel free to contact her at abrown [at] openchannels.org.

2) We're now including the (estimated*) costs of acquring the full-text of articles behind publisher pay-walls. In addition, we'll report at the top of each Literature Update the total cost of purchasing one copy of each paper in the issue. The total cost to purchase each pay-walled article in this issue comes to (drum-roll please...) USD $790.45. Which, you can quote Nick as saying: "this is wholly unacceptable."

*We'll say estimated because it's possible the publisher could change the price in the time between when we add the item, and we email it out here. Though, that's highly unlikely.

Now, onto the literature!

The World Bank has published a new report, The Sunken Billions Revisited: Progress and Challenges in Global Marine Fisheries. "The primary objective of this study is to reinforce the messages of the 2009 publication and to catalyze calls for accelerating and scaling up the international effort aimed at addressing the global fisheries crisis. The analysis reveals economic losses of about $83 billion in 2012, compared with the optimal global maximum economic yield equilibrium."

As always, if we've missed anything, please feel free to let us know. You may simply reply to this message, or you may email Allie directly at abrown [at] openchannels.org.

Happy reading,
-Nick Wehner & Allie Brown

The cost and feasibility of marine coastal restoration

For the week of 13 February 2017

Greetings OpenChannels Community Members,

Ecological Applications has published a new paper, The cost and feasibility of marine coastal restoration. The authors performed "a synthesis of 235 studies with 954 observations from restoration or rehabilitation projects of coral reefs, seagrass, mangroves, saltmarshes, and oyster reefs worldwide, and evaluate cost, survival of restored organisms, project duration, area, and techniques applied. Findings showed that while the median and average reported costs for restoration of one hectare of marine coastal habitat were around US$80 000 (2010) and US$1 600 000 (2010), respectively, the real total costs (median) are likely to be two to four times higher."

As always, if we've missed anything, please feel free to let me know. You may simply reply to this message, or you may email me directly at nwehner [at] openchannels.org.

Happy reading,
-Nick Wehner, OpenChannels Project Manager

Climate-Smart Design for Ecosystem Management: A Test Application for Coral Reefs

For the week of 06 February 2017

Greetings OpenChannels Community Members,

Environmental Management has published a new paper, Climate-Smart Design for Ecosystem Management: A Test Application for Coral Reefs. "Work presented in this paper includes: (1) examination of the climate-smart management cycle as it relates to coral reefs; (2) a compilation of adaptation strategies for coral reefs drawn from a comprehensive review of the literature; (3) in-depth demonstration of climate-smart design for place-based crafting of robust adaptation actions; and (4) feedback from stakeholders on the perceived usefulness of the approach. We conclude with a discussion of lessons-learned on integrating climate-smart design into real-world management planning processes and a call from stakeholders for an 'adaptation design tool' that is now under development."

As always, if we've missed anything, please feel free to let me know. You may simply reply to this message, or you may email me directly at nwehner [at] openchannels.org.

Happy reading,
-Nick Wehner, OpenChannels Project Manager

Sustainable Finance Options for U.S. Marine Protected Areas

For the week of 30 January 2017

Greetings OpenChannels Community Members,

The Marine Protected Areas Federal Advisory Committee has published a new report, Protecting Our Marine Treasures: Sustainable Finance Options for U.S. Marine Protected Areas. "In 2015, the Marine Protected Area Advisory Committee was charged with advising the Departments of Commerce and the Interior on opportunities to expand the use of external financing for [MPA] programs. This report focuses on a wide range of approaches to obtain external funding for MPAs. Although in-kind services are important, analysis of these services is beyond the scope of this report."

As always, if we've missed anything, please feel free to let me know. You may simply reply to this message, or you may email me directly at nwehner [at] openchannels.org.

Happy reading,
-Nick Wehner, OpenChannels Project Manager

Marine Reserve Targets to Sustain and Rebuild Unregulated Fisheries

For the week of 23 January 2017

Greetings OpenChannels Community Members,

PLOS Biology has published a new paper, Marine Reserve Targets to Sustain and Rebuild Unregulated Fisheries. The authors note: "We find that realistic reserve networks, which protect 10%–30% of fished habitats in 1–20 km wide reserves, should benefit the long-term productivity of almost any complex fishery. We discover a “rule of thumb” to safeguard against the long-term catch depletion of particular species: individual reserves should export 30% or more of locally produced larvae to adjacent fishing grounds."

As always, if we've missed anything, please feel free to let me know. You may simply reply to this message, or you may email me directly at nwehner [at] openchannels.org.

Happy reading,
-Nick Wehner, OpenChannels Project Manager

Upstream solutions to coral reef conservation: The payoffs of smart and cooperative decision-making

For the week of 16 January 2017

Greetings OpenChannels Community Members,

The Journal of Environmental Management has published a new paper, Upstream solutions to coral reef conservation: The payoffs of smart and cooperative decision-making. The authors "use a spatially explicit predictive model (InVEST-SDR) that quantifies change in sediment reaching the coast for evaluating the costs and benefits of alternative threat-abatement scenarios. We specifically use the model to examine trade-offs among possible agricultural road repair management actions (water bars to divert runoff and gravel to protect the road surface) across the landscape in West Maui, Hawaii, USA."

As always, if we've missed anything, please feel free to let me know. You may simply reply to this message, or you may email me directly at nwehner [at] openchannels.org.

Happy reading,
-Nick Wehner, OpenChannels Project Manager

Targeting Abundant Fish Stocks while Avoiding Overfished Species

For the week of 09 January 2017

Greetings OpenChannels Community Members,

PLOS ONE has published a new paper, Targeting Abundant Fish Stocks while Avoiding Overfished Species: Video and Fishing Surveys to Inform Management after Long-Term Fishery Closures. The authors "designed a camera system to evaluate fishes in coastal habitats and used experimental gear and fishing techniques paired with video surveys to determine if abundant species could be caught in rocky habitats with minimal catches of co-occurring rebuilding species."

As always, if we've missed anything, please feel free to let me know. You may simply reply to this message, or you may email me directly at nwehner [at] openchannels.org.

Happy reading,
-Nick Wehner, OpenChannels Project Manager

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