OpenChannels Literature Update Archives

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Global trade statistics lack granularity to inform traceability and management of diverse and high-value fishes

For the week of 16 October 2017

Greetings OpenChannels Community Members,

Scientific Reports has published, Global trade statistics lack granularity to inform traceability and management of diverse and high-value fishes. "By collating and comparing production, import and export data from international and national statistical collections for the period 2006–2013, we show that official trade data severely lack the level of detail required to track snapper trade flows, uncover potential IUU activities and/or inform exploitation management of snappers and related species. Moreover, we contend that the lack of taxonomic granularity and use of vague generic names in trade records represent one of the most insidious impediments to seafood traceability, and suggest that widely used harmonised commodity classification systems should evolve to address these gaps."

As always, if we've missed anything, please feel free to let us know. You may simply reply to this message, or you may email Allie directly at abrown [at] openchannels.org.

Estimated cost to rent or purchase all pay-walled articles included in this issue from their respective publishers: US $562.35.

P.S. This is a friendly reminder that starting November 1, we will no longer include closed (e.g. pay-walled with no preprint and grey-OA) articles in these updates. For full details, see the notice in the Literature Update from the week of September 11.

Happy reading,
-Allie Brown & Nick Wehner

Introducing MarXiv: the research repository for ocean-conservation and marine-climate science

For the week of 9 October 2017

Greetings OpenChannels Community Members,

Thanks to the support from the Packard Foundation, we are pleased to announce that next month we'll be launching MarXiv: the (free!) research repository for ocean-conservation and marine-climate science. Studies have found that lack of access to costly academic journals result in less primary science being used in on-the-ground environmental management plans. Managers, policymakers, NGOs, and many governments simply can't afford to spend hundreds of thousands of dollars to subscribe to academic journals. MarXiv seeks to change this.

An author who retains copyright on their submitted manuscript, known colloquially as a preprint, may upload the manuscript to MarXiv. Anyone may then download and read the preprint free of charge, legally, forever. No more time wasted begging the author for a copy, and no need to "pirate" the research in a not-so-legal manner. MarXiv will be built into the Center for Open Science's OSF Preprints framework which grants each paper a unique DOI, and ensures the papers are indexed by Google Scholar, Altmetric, and other services — all at no cost.

We invite you to join us next month as we launch MarXiv. Nick will be hosting a webinar to explain what preprints are, how you can tell when/if you can share your preprint on MarXiv, and explain ways the MarXiv Team will promote your research — including summarizing preprints for managers and policymakers. For more information and to register, please visit: https://oct.to/MarXivIntro.

If you have questions about MarXiv, please contact Nick at nick [at] octogroup.org.

As always, if we've missed anything, please feel free to let us know. You may simply reply to this message, or you may email Allie directly at abrown [at] openchannels.org.

Estimated cost to rent or purchase all pay-walled articles included in this issue from their respective publishers: US $416.65.

P.S. This is a friendly reminder that starting November 1, we will no longer include closed (e.g. pay-walled with no preprint and grey-OA) articles in these updates. For full details, see the notice in the Literature Update from the week of September 11.

Happy reading,
-Allie Brown & Nick Wehner

North American Marine Protected Area Rapid Vulnerability Assessment Tool

For the week of 2 October 2017

Greetings OpenChannels Community Members,

The Commission for Environmental Cooperation has published the North American Marine Protected Area Rapid Vulnerability Assessment Tool. The Tool "was created to help marine protected area managers evaluate the implications of climate change for the habitats of their sites. This tool has three parts (a user guide, a set of blank worksheets, and a booklet containing sample completed worksheets) that are available as downloadable PDFs. [...] Together, they comprise a tool that can help marine protected area managers conduct a rapid vulnerability assessment and adaptation strategy development process."

As always, if we've missed anything, please feel free to let us know. You may simply reply to this message, or you may email Allie directly at abrown [at] openchannels.org.

Estimated cost to rent or purchase all pay-walled articles included in this issue from their respective publishers: US $389.75.

P.S. This is a friendly reminder that starting November 1, we will no longer include closed (e.g. pay-walled with no preprint and grey-OA) articles in these updates. For full details, see the notice in the Literature Update from the week of September 11.

Happy reading,
-Allie Brown & Nick Wehner

Brain damage & behavioural disorders in fish induced by plastic nanoparticles delivered through the food chain

For the week of 25 September 2017

Greetings OpenChannels Community Members,

Scientific Reports has published, Brain damage and behavioural disorders in fish induced by plastic nanoparticles delivered through the food chain. "Here we demonstrate that plastic nanoparticles reduce survival of aquatic zooplankton and penetrate the blood-to-brain barrier in fish and cause behavioural disorders [...] thereby severely disrupting the function of natural ecosystems."

As always, if we've missed anything, please feel free to let us know. You may simply reply to this message, or you may email Allie directly at abrown [at] openchannels.org.

Estimated cost to rent or purchase all pay-walled articles included in this issue from their respective publishers: US $531.15. In fact, this issue breaks the $25k mark in pay-walled research we've shared since late February!

P.S. This is a friendly reminder that starting November 1, we will no longer include closed (e.g. pay-walled with no preprint and grey-OA) articles in these updates. For full details, see the notice in the Literature Update from the week of September 11.

Happy reading,
-Allie Brown & Nick Wehner

Benefits and risks of diversification for individual fishers

For the week of 18 September 2017

Greetings OpenChannels Community Members,

PNAS has published, Benefits and risks of diversification for individual fishers. "Here, we evaluate two axes by which fishers in Alaska can diversify fishing activities. [...] Our results demonstrate that the most effective option for individuals to decrease revenue variability is to participate in additional or more diverse fisheries. However, this option is expensive, often limited by regulations such as catch share programs, and consequently unavailable to many individuals."

As always, if we've missed anything, please feel free to let us know. You may simply reply to this message, or you may email Allie directly at abrown [at] openchannels.org.

Estimated cost to rent or purchase all pay-walled articles included in this issue from their respective publishers: US $506.85.

P.S. This is a friendly reminder that starting November 1, we will no longer include closed (e.g. pay-walled with no preprint and grey-OA) articles in these updates. For full details, see the notice in the Literature Update from the week of September 11.

Happy reading,
-Allie Brown & Nick Wehner

A risk-based approach to cumulative effect assessments for marine management

For the week of 11 September 2017

Greetings OpenChannels Community Members,

Science of The Total Environment has published, A risk-based approach to cumulative effect assessments for marine management. "We show that a risk-based approach to [cumulative effect assessments] decreases complexity, allows for the transparent treatment of uncertainty and streamlines the uptake of scientific outcomes into the science-policy interface. Hence, its adoption can help bridging the gap between science and decision-making in ecosystem-based management."

As always, if we've missed anything, please feel free to let us know. You may simply reply to this message, or you may email Allie directly at abrown [at] openchannels.org.

Estimated cost to rent or purchase all pay-walled articles included in this issue from their respective publishers: US $578.45.

Measuring MPAs in Continental North America: How Well Protected Are the Ocean Estates of Canada, Mexico, & USA?

For the week of 4 September 2017

Greetings OpenChannels Community Members,

Frontiers in Marine Science has published, Measuring MPAs in Continental North America: How Well Protected Are the Ocean Estates of Canada, Mexico, and the USA? "Results show that many North American MPAs are incompletely implemented and therefore currently fail to provide adequate protection. The inclusion of such sites in official government statistics can inflate the perception of how much, and how well, the ocean is protected. We outline some of the major challenges to MPA establishment in each country and offer recommendations to increase the number and effectiveness of MPAs in North America."

As always, if we've missed anything, please feel free to let us know. You may simply reply to this message, or you may email Allie directly at abrown [at] openchannels.org.

Estimated cost to rent or purchase all pay-walled articles included in this issue from their respective publishers: US $353.75.

P.S. We have updated stats to share with you all on the importance of having your work freely-available in this field. We analyzed over 800 papers shared over the last 6 months in this newsletter to see what gets read, and more importantly, what doesn't. The takeaway: Freely-available papers are read twice as much as pay-walled papers, on average over this time frame. If you want your work to be used and/or cited, the first step is getting people to read it – and you can double your readership (at least in our circles) by making your work freely-available to everyone. More to come in future updates! In the meantime, if you want more information on free ways to make your work accessible, you can read our blog.

Happy reading,
-Allie Brown & Nick Wehner

A global snapshot of marine biodiversity offsetting policy

For the week of 28 August 2017

Greetings OpenChannels Community Members,

Marine Policy has published, A global snapshot of marine biodiversity offsetting policy. "This paper presents a systematic review of documents evidencing the application or inclusion of biodiversity offset principles in policy frameworks concerning the marine environment, and in marine development projects. Biodiversity offsetting policies applicable to marine environments were found to exist in six countries (US, Canada, Australia, France, Germany, Colombia) and have been actively considered in at least 27 others. Outside of these, a wide range of other approaches promoting uptake of biodiversity offsetting principles in a marine context were identified."

As always, if we've missed anything, please feel free to let us know. You may simply reply to this message, or you may email Allie directly at abrown [at] openchannels.org.

Estimated cost to rent or purchase all pay-walled articles included in this issue from their respective publishers: US $856.25.

P.S. We have some exciting news: starting October 1st, we'll be working to launch a preprint service for marine conservation and marine climate science research. MarXiv (rhymes with "archive") will help expand access to scientific discoveries beyond academic institutions with the means to pay for costly journal subscriptions. As some of you may have seen on Twitter, initial data analysis from this newsletter shows that freely-available papers (either via Open Access licenses or preprints) get 2-3 times the readership of pay-walled papers, on average. This should come as no surprise as the vast majority of you reading this do not have free access to subscription journals or databases. We are very thankful to the David and Lucille Packard Foundation for supporting this effort, and we are very excited to have the opportunity to help you get access to the research you need to help protect our oceans. We'll be sure to update you all as the project moves forward.

Happy reading,
-Allie Brown & Nick Wehner

Exploring stakeholder perceptions of marine management in Bermuda

For the week of 21 August 2017

Greetings OpenChannels Community Members,

Marine Policy has published, Exploring stakeholder perceptions of marine management in Bermuda. "Overall, the results indicate a high degree of support for spatial planning and ocean zoning and a high level of concordance even among stakeholder groups that are typically assumed to have conflicting agendas. However, attitudes were not entirely homogeneous, particularly when delving into details about specific management changes. For example, commercial fishers were generally less in favor, relative to other stakeholder groups, of increasing regulations on ocean uses with the notable exception of regulations for recreational fishing."

As always, if we've missed anything, please feel free to let us know. You may simply reply to this message, or you may email Allie directly at abrown [at] openchannels.org.

Estimated cost to rent or purchase all pay-walled articles included in this issue from their respective publishers: US $449.05.

Happy reading,
-Allie Brown & Nick Wehner

Community- and government-managed marine protected areas increase fish size, biomass and potential value

For the week of 14 August 2017

Greetings OpenChannels Community Members,

PLOS ONE has published, Community- and government-managed marine protected areas increase fish size, biomass and potential value. "We also assessed protection effects on the potential monetary value of fish; a variable that increases non-linearly with fish body mass and is particularly important from a fishery perspective. We found that two recently established community MPAs (< 1 km2 in size, ≤ 5 years of protection) harbored larger fish and greater total fish biomass than two fished (open access) areas, in both seagrass beds and coral reefs. As expected, protection effects were considerably stronger in the older and larger government MPAs."

As always, if we've missed anything, please feel free to let us know. You may simply reply to this message, or you may email Allie directly at abrown [at] openchannels.org.

Estimated cost to rent or purchase all pay-walled articles included in this issue from their respective publishers: US $378.20.

Happy reading,
-Allie Brown & Nick Wehner

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