This webinar originally aired on: 03 March 2021
Presented by: Mimi D'Iorio of the NOAA National Marine Protected Areas Center and Charles Wahle of the NOAA National Marine Protected Areas Center (retired)
Demand for ocean space is increasing, yet decision makers often lack tools to understand the complete requirements any given use may have for ocean space, and thus its potential to conflict with other coexisting uses. This webinar will present NOAA’s new Guide to Building and Applying Space Use Profiles for Ocean Management, which helps ocean planners, managers, and stakeholders fully visualize the holistic, three-dimensional footprint of diverse ocean uses and use that insight to more effectively manage ocean spaces. The Guide illustrates how each ocean use, including its distinct functional components, occupies specific horizontal and vertical ocean zones from the shoreline to the open ocean and from the airspace above the sea surface down to the seabed. The Guide can help inform zoning in marine protected areas and marine spatial plans and the siting of individual uses.
This webinar originally aired on: 25 February 2021
Presented by: Helen Fox of Coral Reef Alliance, Lisa McManus of University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa, and Lukas DeFilippo of University of Washington School of Aquatic and Fishery Sciences and NOAA Alaska Fisheries Science Center
While coral reefs face mounting threats, many coral populations are already well adapted to conditions unfavorable to the average coral (e.g., high temperatures, low pH, poor water quality). With the goal of better understanding the drivers of persistence and adaptive capacity and the role of management and MPAs, we developed a general eco-evolutionary framework to explore the influence of network structure and spatial management on a metapopulation’s adaptive response to temperature increase. This framework was applied to coral populations in the Caribbean, Southwest Pacific, and Coral Triangle to determine the characteristics of individual reefs that lead to persistence or decline under climate scenarios and test the efficacy of spatial management strategies (MPAs) in these three regions. We also used eco-evolutionary simulations to explore scenarios of coral propagation, transplantation, and assisted evolution and identified potential benefits and risks of these interventions. We find that corals’ vulnerability to climate change depends strongly on assumptions of their standing genetic variation, which determines the potential for an evolutionary response. One implication of this work is that MPA networks can promote persistence by protecting coral populations adapted to diverse environments so that corals with evolutionarily favored traits reproduce and spread throughout reef networks.
This webinar originally aired on: 09 February 2021
Presented by: Carla Elliff, Mariana M. de Andrade, Natalia M. Grilli, and Vitória Scrich of the Oceanographic Institute of the University of São Paulo, Brazil
Marine litter monitoring programs are essential to determining and promoting feasible and effective actions to combat marine litter. However, consistent long-term monitoring programs are scarce worldwide. To address this gap, a statewide plan to monitor and assess marine litter was developed for São Paulo, Brazil. Combining science and public policies in a participatory construct, the plan introduces a set of suggested indicators that can be applied by a wide group of stakeholders and in a variety of locations and contexts.
This webinar originally aired on: 28 January 2021
Moderator/panelists: Jon Fisher of The Pew Charitable Trusts (moderator), Yoshitaka Ota of the University of Washington (panelist), Christian Pohl of ETH Zurich (panelist), Mark Reed of Newcastle University (panelist), and Lynn Scarlett of The Nature Conservancy (panelist)
Many environmental scientists find that their research has less impact in the real world than they hoped for or expected. As a result, there is increasing interest in looking at where we fall short, and how we can improve. This panel discussion will feature insights and recommendations from researchers, transdisciplinary collaborators, and decision-makers with deep expertise in applying research to policy. Panelists will share their experiences, highlight useful resources for scientists, and discuss different approaches to improving research impact. Attendees will be able to ask questions and vote for which questions are the most interesting to pose to the panel.
This webinar originally aired on: 14 January 2021
Presented by: Anna Ruth Robuck of the University of Rhode Island Graduate School of Oceanography and NOAA Marine Protected Areas Center
Marine debris encompasses a wide range of materials of diverse origin, including derelict vessels, fishing gear, plastic debris, and microplastics. Different types of marine debris have been documented to impact every level of biological organization, and many uncertainties about impact remain. The complex and often harmful nature of the problem translates to management and conservation challenges within protected areas, and a “one size fits all” approach to marine debris generally fails to incorporate local needs and nuance. This webinar synthesizes recommendations for protected area managers seeking to reduce marine debris. The recommendations are based upon review of research, case studies, and experience from government, academia, and non-profits. This webinar will also provide some suggested actions and current examples from protected areas addressing marine debris in the US and beyond.
This webinar originally aired on: 08 December 2020
Presented by: John Bohorquez of Stony Brook University
Lack of financial resources and staff capacity may limit the effectiveness of Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) in meeting their conservation objectives. We are developing a replicable framework to assess the sustainability of MPA financial strategies and identify potential solutions to identified risks, including improving the efficiency and allocation of available resources, expanding or improving in-place financial mechanisms, and developing alternative financial mechanisms. The framework development and assessment is supported by real-world case studies from Colombia, the Caribbean Netherlands, Belize, and Mexico.
This webinar originally aired on: 01 December 2020
Presented by: Annie Brett, University of Florida Levin School of Law
Ocean management is often undermined by a lack of data on human activity and on the waters themselves. Pirate fishers plunder the high seas with impunity, knowing they cannot be traced. Crew members on legitimate fishing boats are tortured and even murdered, out of sight. Stocks are overfished because most quotas are set only annually, using last year’s data. New technology platforms are beginning to change this. Data from satellites, autonomous underwater vehicles, and other platforms are coming together with emerging data streams from social media, smartphones, and low-cost distributed sensors to create a ‘data tsunami’. More data were collected on the oceans in 2018 alone than in the entire twentieth century. Ocean data management has not kept pace with this precipitous growth, however, and limits our ability to use this new ocean data to address ocean threats. In this webinar, we will present ways we need to revolutionize the collection, sharing, and accessibility of ocean data to address climate change, overfishing, and pollution.
This webinar originally aired on: 20 October 2020
Research shows that 80% of the plastic waste that ends up in the ocean comes from land, with rivers acting as one of the major pathways. Therefore, rivers provide a high-impact opportunity for intercepting plastic waste before it reaches the ocean. The Clean Currents Coalition is a global network of 9 teams combatting the flow of plastic waste from river systems to the ocean. The Coalition are piloting technologies for physical capture of plastic waste in polluted rivers and catalyzing policy-based, infrastructural, and societal change to reduce plastic waste leakage into those rivers. Join the webinar to learn more about the solutions championed by Coalition member teams in their river systems, the plastic-intercepting technologies they are piloting, and the strategies for creating behavior change in these communities.
Presented by: Molly Morse and Valeria Tamayo-Canadas from the Benioff Ocean Initiative
This webinar originally aired on: 14 October 2020
Presented by: Gary Tabor of the Center for Large Landscape Conservation, Barbara Lausche of Mote Marine Laboratory, Zachary Cannizzo of NOAA, and J. Wilson White of Oregon State University
The interconnectedness of the ocean is one of its defining characteristics. This ability of species and processes to move and flow from place-to-place, called ecological connectivity, is increasingly recognized as a key aspect of successful marine conservation. Two recent reports highlight the importance of both protecting and leveraging connectivity conservation for successful MPA management. Both the IUCN “Guidelines for conserving connectivity through ecological networks and corridors” and the National MPA Center brief “Ecological Connectivity for Marine Protected Areas” make the case for ecological connectivity and provide practical recommendations for moving marine conservation forward by increasing consideration and application of fundamental ecological connectivity processes. This webinar will provide an overview of these reports and serve to stimulate discussions and actions that lead to greater protection of ecological connectivity as part of marine conservation.
This webinar originally aired on: 01 October 2020
As marine spatial planning (MSP) operates in a changing ocean, properly addressing and integrating climate effects is vital. However, few marine spatial plans properly or explicitly consider climate change. This is a complex topic, full of intricacies, dimensions, and challenges (scientific, socioeconomic, and political), and multiple solutions will be needed. We highlight ways forward, based on real examples around the globe, on how climate change can be integrated into MSP. Links with global ocean governance goals and sustainable development will be explored.
Presented by: Catarina Frazão Santos of the University of Lisbon and NOVA-SBE and Tundi Agardy of Sound Seas